TIME OF THE END",
OR "DAY OF HIS PREPARATION"
The Time of the End--Its Commencement, A.D. 1799--Its Close,
A.D. 1914--What is to be Prepared, and the Object--The World's
History Prophetically Traced Through its Chief Rulers--From
B.C. 405 to This Day of Preparation--The Beginning of the Time
of the End Definitely Marked, yet Without Names or Dates.
"Time of the End," a period of one hundred and fifteen
(115) years, from A.D. 1799 to A.D. 1914, is particularly marked
in the Scriptures. "The Day of His Preparation" is another
name given to the same period, because in it a general increase
of knowledge, resulting in discoveries, inventions, etc., paves
the way to the coming Millennium of favor, making ready the mechanical
devices which will economize labor, and provide the world in general
with time and conveniences, which under Christ's reign of righteousness
will be a blessing to all and aid in filling the earth with the
knowledge of the Lord. And it is a day or period of preparation
in another sense also; for by the increase of knowledge among
the masses, giving to all a taste of liberty and luxury, before
Christ's rule is established to rightly regulate the world, these
blessings will gradually become agencies of class-power and will
result in the uprising of the masses and the overthrow of corporative
Trusts, etc., with which will fall also all the present dominions
of earth, civil and ecclesiastical. And thus the present is
<PAGE 24> a day of preparation (through such
an overthrow) for the establishment of the universal dominion
of the Kingdom of God so long prayed for.
last forty years of the Time of the End is called the "End"
or "Harvest" of the Gospel age, as we read, "The
HARVEST is the END of the age." (`Matt.
13:39`) To the foretold general character and events of
this period we will shortly call particular attention, reserving
the special features of the harvest, however, for a subsequent
our information pointing out the date of this period is furnished
in Daniel's prophecy, we know that he understood nothing at all
concerning it, as he said: "I heard, but I understood not."
(`Dan. 12:8`) In answer to his anxious
inquiries he was told that the words were closed up and sealed
until the Time of the End. It follows, therefore, that
no one could understand the prophecy before 1799; and before leaving
the subject we shall show that the prophecy indicates that it
would not begin to be understood before 1829, nor reach
a clear unfolding until 1875.
xi of Daniel's prophecy is devoted to the notable events leading
down to this period, the Time of the End, while chapter xii leads
on from there to the End or Harvest. Students of prophecy will
notice the peculiar manner in which the date of the beginning
of the Time of the End is given--a manner remarkable both for
its exactness in fixing the date, and also for its concealment,
until the appointed time for it to be understood. And after this
point of time is thus peculiarly marked in chapter xi, without
a name or a date being stated, chapter xii produces three periods
of time, 1260, 1290 and 1335 prophetic days, which corroborate
and establish the lesson of chapter xi, that the beginning of
the Time of the End was in the year 1799.
although chapter xi touches upon some of the most
<PAGE 25> prominent characters and events
of history, as we shall show, yet its testimony is still sealed
to very many prophetic students because the central item
of the prophecy, upon which much depends, has already had a seeming
fulfilment. This manner of covering or hiding a prophecy until
its due time to be revealed is by no means uncommon. And so confident
have some prophetic students of the past felt that this central
item has already been fulfilled, that in our English Bibles, common
version, the marginal reference reads--"Fulfilled 171 to
168 B.C." The passage (`Dan. 11:31`)
reads, "Arms shall stand on his part, and they shall defile
the Sanctuary of strength and shall take away the daily [literally,
the continual] sacrifice, and they shall place [or set
up] the abomination that maketh desolate [or the desolating abomination]."
claim is that this prophecy was fulfilled by Antiochus Epiphanes,
a Syrian king, when he forcibly entered Jerusalem and stopped
the sacrificings to God in the Temple, and placed in the temple
the idol of Jupiter Olympus.
seeming fulfilment of the prophecy is sufficient to satisfy the
general student, contented to believe what he is told; and it
causes him to lose interest in the prophecy as one fulfilled in
the far past and of no special interest to him. But the earnest
student will note that it was foretold (`verse
14`) that the robbers of Daniel's people would indeed attempt
to fulfil the vision (or would seemingly fulfil it), but would
fail; and, further, that the Time of the End was a fixed time
(`verse 35`); and that a full and
correct interpretation could not be had until then. Hence
such will not expect correct interpretations from the past. And
neither will the careful student overlook the fact that our Lord
drew attention to this very prophecy two hundred years after its
claimed fulfilment, and told us to expect its fulfilment future,
saying, "Ye shall see [future] the abomination of desolation
<PAGE 26> the holy place." (`Matt.
24:3,15`) Our Lord even added a caution, that we should
take heed and not be mistaken regarding the real abomination,
saying, "Whoso readeth let him understand."
trust that the evidences presented in the preceding volume have
made clear the fact that the great Papal system is the desolating
abomination which for centuries has despoiled both the world and
the Church, in the name of Christ's kingdom. Truly it has long
been "standing in the holy place"--in the temple of
God, the Christian Church. Thank God for the privilege of seeing
its abominable characteristics more and more clearly, that we
may flee from all its errors. Thank God that its days are numbered,
and that the cleansed sanctuary (`Dan. 8:14`)
will soon be exalted and filled with the glory of God.
this introduction, we proceed to examine
`Daniel xi` in consecutive order.
`Verse 2` begins with the Medo-Persian
empire, the fourth and last king being Darius III Codomanus.
mighty king of `verse 3` is Alexander
the Great, of Greece, concerning whom the following scrap of history
from Willard will be read with interest. He says:
the Great, having invaded Judea, sent a mandate to Jerusalem to
furnish his army with provisions and troops. Jaddus, then the
high priest, returned for answer, that he had sworn allegiance
to the king of Persia, and could not desert his cause while he
lived. Alexander, as soon as the siege of Tyre was completed,
marched to Jerusalem to take vengeance for this refusal. Apprised
of his purpose, and utterly unable to contend with him, the high
priest in his distress cried to heaven for protection. Being instructed
by a vision in the night, he threw open the gates of the city
and strewed the way with flowers. Clothing himself in the splendid
vestments of the Levitical priesthood, he went forth to meet the
conqueror, followed by all the priests robed in white. Alexander
met him, bowed, and worshiped. Being asked by his astonished friend,
why he, whom others
<PAGE 27> adored, should adore the high priest,
he answered, 'I do not adore him, but the God whose minister he
is. I knew him, as soon as I saw his habit, to be the same whom
I saw in a vision in Macedonia, when I meditated the conquest
of Persia; and he then assured me that his God would go before
me and give me success.' Alexander then embraced the priests,
walking in the midst of them, and thus entering Jerusalem; where,
in the most solemn manner, he offered sacrifices in the temple.
The high priest then showed him the prophecy of Daniel, and
interpreted it to foreshow that the Persian power should be overthrown
Alexander conquered the world in the short period of thirteen
years, the kingdom did not continue as one nation in his family
after his death, but was divided by his four generals and broken
into fragments generally, as stated in `verse
here the correspondence of this prophecy with that of
`Dan. 8:3-9,20-25`. Here it is shown that out of one of
the divisions of Alexander's empire (compare
`verses 8,9 and 21`) would come forth a "little horn"
or power, which would become exceedingly great. This evidently
refers to Rome, which rose to influence upon the ruins of Greece.
From being an insignificant subject whose ambassadors hastened
to acknowledge the Grecian supremacy, and to become part of
the empire at the feet of Alexander the Great, Rome rose gradually
history which is told in few words in `Dan.
8:9,10` is related with greater detail in
`chapter 11:5-19`. In this detailed account, Egypt
is spoken of as the King of the South; while the Grecians,
and afterward the Romans, their successors in power, or the
new horn out of Greece, are designated the King of the North.
Woven between these, linked now with the one and again with the
other, is the history of God's people--Daniel's people--in whose
ultimate blessing, as promised by God, Daniel trusted. It is tedious
and unnecessary to trace this history in its many details of conflicts
<PAGE 28> Alexander's generals and their successors,
until `verse 17`, which refers to
Cleopatra, queen of Egypt. And since all are agreed thus far,
we need go no farther into the past.
`verse 18` those who claim that `verse
31` applies to Antiochus Epiphanes continue to apply the
prophecy to the little squabbles and battles between Seleucus,
Philopater, Antiochus Epiphanes and Ptolemeus Philomater down
to the end of the chapter--as the Jews were evidently accustomed
to apply it. The Jews, continuing this interpretation into chapter
xii, would have strong grounds for expecting deliverance by Messiah
speedily; and so we read that at the time of our Lord's birth
"all men were in expectation" of him, and through him,
of their deliverance from the Roman yoke. But from
`verse 18` onward, we who see the real "abomination,"
part company from them, and understand the prophecy merely to
touch prominent characters down to Papacy; and then, touching
and identifying it, to pass on to the end of its power to persecute,
and to mark that date by a detailed account of one of the most
noted characters of history--Napoleon Bonaparte.
it may be asked, why this change of the particular method of the
preceding verses, to touch only prominent features of history?
We answer, that this has been part of God's method of sealing
and closing the prophecy. Besides, everything in prophecy was
so arranged as not to stumble Israel at the first advent. Had
the minutiae and detail of twenty centuries been spread out as
is that prophecy contained in `verses 3
to 17` of this chapter, it would have been long, tedious
and beyond comprehension; and it would have given the Jews and
the early Christian church an idea of the length of time before
the Kingdom of God should come; and this was not God's purpose.
then, we understand `verses 17-19` to
apply to the times and incidents in which Mark Antony and Cleopatra
<PAGE 29> figured, when Antony fell, and Egypt
("King of the South") was swallowed up in the Roman
empire. `Verse 20` we apply to Augustus
Caesar, who was noted for his systematic collection of large taxes
from all tributary nations, and whose exactions of taxes, in Judea
and throughout the then civilized world, are noted in Scripture
in connection with the birth of our Lord. (`Luke
2:1`) The statement, "Caesar Augustus sent forth a
decree that all the world should be taxed," corresponds faithfully
to the description--"There shall stand up in his estate a
raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom."
This latter part of the description also fits exactly; for the
period of Augustus Caesar's reign is noted in history as the most
glorious epoch of the great Roman empire, and is called "the
golden age of Rome."
translation of `verse 20` reads:
"There will stand up in his place one who will cause the
exactor of taxes to pass through the glorious land of the kingdom."
This would seem to apply specially to Palestine, and would make
this fit exactly to the record in Luke. But both applications
are correct: It was the glorious time of the Roman Empire, and
tax collectors were caused to pass through the land of Palestine--
the glorious land of the kingdom. Furthermore, be it noted that
Augustus Caesar was the first ruler to introduce to the world
a systematized taxation.
read further of this prominent ruler--"Within few days he
shall be broken, neither in anger nor in battle." Of Augustus
Caesar it is recorded that he died a quiet death, while his predecessor
and his seven successors in imperial power died violent deaths.
His death was within a few years after he had reached the zenith
of his power and had caused "the exactor of taxes to pass
through the glorious land of the kingdom."
21` fitly describes Tiberius Caesar, the successor of Augustus:
"There will stand up in his place a despicable
<PAGE 30> person, to whom they shall not give
the honor of the kingdom; but he shall come in peaceably
and obtain the kingdom by flatteries." Let us here note how
the historic account of Tiberius agrees with the above by the
White: "Tiberius was fifty-six years old when he ascended
the throne, professing great unwillingness to take upon
him its important cares....All restraint being now removed, the
tyrant gave loose reign to his cruel and sensual passions."
Willard: "At first he dissembled and appeared to govern with
moderation; but the mask soon dropped.... The senate, to whom
he transferred all the political rights of the people, had become
degraded, and thus obsequiously sanctioned his acts and offered
the incense of perpetual flattery to the man who filled their
streets with blood. It was under the administration of this
most debased of men, that our Lord Jesus Christ was crucified
pictures fit exactly the prophet's description, and are further
confirmed by the next `verse--22`. "With
the powers of an overflow [flood] will they [all opposers] be
swept away before him, and be broken; yea, also the Prince
of the Covenant." This last statement seems unmistakably
to refer to our Lord Jesus, who, as above noted by the historian,
was crucified under the administration of Tiberius by his representative,
Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea, and by Roman soldiers.
after the league made with him [the Senate recognizing him as
emperor] he shall work deceitfully; for he will come up and become
strong with a small number of people. [Tiberius organized the
Praetorian Guard, at first of 10,000, afterward doubled.
This small number of people, as the emperor's bodyguard, was continually
at Rome and under his control. By it he overawed the people and
the senate, abolished popular elections, assemblies, etc.] He
shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province,
and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his
<PAGE 31> fathers; he shall scatter among
them the prey, and spoil, and riches: and he shall think thoughts
against the strongholds, even for a time."
was the policy of both Augustus and his successors to preserve
peacefully the control of the dominions previously gained, rather
than to seek by conquest further additions; and, to secure this
hold, it was their policy to divide the spoil by appointing
local governors, with dignity and authority, whose tenure of office
was made to depend upon the preservation of order in their provinces,
their fealty to the Caesars and the prompt collection of taxes.
They no longer, as at first, pursued the policy of sacking and
plundering the world merely to carry the spoils as trophies to
Rome. By this diplomatic policy, by thus "forecasting
devices," Rome now ruled the world more completely and
with greater prestige than when her armies went hither and thither.
should be recognized that while the prophecy has particularized,
and in the cases of Augustus and Tiberius has almost individualized
the account, yet this has been only a means to an end. The end
to be accomplished is to mark the time of transfer of universal
dominion, from Greece to Rome, from the four generals of Alexander
the Great, representing four divisions of that empire (the "four
horns" of the Grecian "goat" mentioned in
`Daniel 8:8`), to the Roman empire which was at that time
and previously a part of Grecia. These four generals who succeeded
Alexander the Great are no less distinctly marked in history than
in prophecy.* The historian+ says:
[Grecian] empire was now divided into four parts, and one part
assigned to each of the generals who formed the league. Ptolemy
assumed the regal power in Egypt; Seleucus, ----------
*The division among these four is distinctly referred to in `Daniel
8:8 and 11:4,5`. +Willard's Universal History, page 100.
<PAGE 32> in Syria and Upper Asia;
Lysimachus, in Thrace and Asia Minor as far as Taurus;
and Cassander took as his share Macedonia."
this division Italy belonged to Cassander's department, which
was the northern division, designated "King of the North,"
while Egypt was the southern division, or "King of the South."
Gradually the Roman influence prevailed, and piece by piece the
territory originally held by Seleucus, Lysimachus and Cassander
was brought into subjection to Rome, which was part of the northern
division, and left only Egypt, the southern division. This king
of the south, Egypt, became subject to the power of the northern
division, as above narrated, in the days of Cleopatra, Antony
and Augustus Caesar, partly by the will of the father of Cleopatra,
who dying while his children were young, left the kingdom under
the protection of the Roman Senate, and partly by Mark Antony's
defeat. For a while, indeed, the "King of the South,"
Egypt, was quite as powerful as the "King of the North,"
Rome. Historians tell us that "it was the greatest
mercantile nation then existing"; that it had "33,000
cities"; and that its annual revenue "amounted to 14,800
silver talents," about $20,000,000.
the sense and design of the prophecy, we should not expect detailed,
personal accounts of the monarchs of these kingdoms, but by "King
of the North" we should understand the Roman empire's representative,
and by "King of the South" a representative of Egypt's
kingdom. With this explanation we proceed with the prophecy.
25`: "And he [Rome] will stir up his power and courage against
the King of the South [Egypt], with a great army; and the King
of the South shall be stirred up for the war with a very great
and mighty army; but he shall not stand; for they will [treacherously]
devise plans against him."
the year B.C. 30, when Augustus Caesar made Egypt a Roman province,
no hostilities occurred between the two countries until Queen
Zenobia, a descendant of Cleopatra, about A.D. 269, claimed and
exercised its control. Her reign was short; Aurelian, the Roman
emperor, conquering her in A.D. 272. The historian says: "Syria,
Egypt and Asia Minor acknowledged the sway of Zenobia, Queen of
Palmyra. But she had to cope with the superior force of the empire
and the military skill of the first captain of the age. Yet Aurelian
writes of her, 'The Roman people speak in contempt of the war,
which I am waging against a woman. They are ignorant both of the
character and fame of Zenobia. It is impossible to describe her
warlike preparations and her desperate courage.'" Firmus,
the ally of Zenobia in Egypt, was speedily vanquished and put
to death, and Aurelian returned to Rome covered with honor and
with great wealth as described in `verse
28`--"Then will he return into his land with great
riches, and his heart will be against the holy covenant, and he
shall do [various exploits] and return to his own land."
an evidence of the riches he accumulated, note an extract from
Gibbon's account of his march of triumph through the streets of
Rome. He says:
wealth of Asia, the arms and ensigns of conquered nations, and
the magnificent plate and wardrobe of the Syrian queen, were disposed
and in exact symmetry or artful disorder....The beautiful figure
of Zenobia was confined in fetters of gold; a slave supported
the gold chain which encircled her neck, and she almost fainted
under the intolerable weight of jewels. She preceded on foot the
magnificent chariot in which she once hoped to enter the gates
to the Prophet's statement, that on his return his heart would
be against the holy covenant [Christianity], Mosheim says:
although immoderately given to idolatry, and possessing a strong
aversion to the Christians, yet devised no measure for their injury
during four years. But in the fifth year of his reign, either
from his own superstition, or prompted by the superstition of
others, he prepared to persecute them: and, had he lived, so cruel
and ferocious was his disposition, and so much was he influenced
by the priests and the admirers of the gods, that his persecution
would have been more cruel than any of the preceding. But before
his new edicts had reached all the provinces he was assassinated;
and therefore only a few Christians suffered for their piety under
persecuting spirit against Christianity was manifested after
his return from the conquest, as indicated in the prophecy.
Aurelian was a worshiper of the sun, and he ascribed his victory
over Zenobia to the sun; and immediately after the battle he repaired
to the magnificent temple, dedicated to the sun, to acknowledge
the favor. As the Christians deemed the sun unworthy of worship,
it is presumed that their refusal to participate in this sun-worship
was the provocation of his sudden and violent opposition.
26`: "Yea, they that eat of his food will bring his downfall:
and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain."
Aurelian was assassinated by his own generals; his army was successful,
though many were slain.
27` applies not to Rome and Egypt, but to two kings or
powers in the Roman empire--the Imperial power gradually
dying, and the Clerical power slowly coming to life and ambition.
Each sought to use the other for its own selfish ends, while denying
such designs. It reads: "And the heart of the two kings shall
be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but
it shall not prosper [then], because as yet the end is
unto another time." Or, to express the thought more
plainly, a certain period of 1260 years had been appointed ----------
*History of Christianity, Vol. II, page 101.
<PAGE 35> of God as the length of Papacy's
persecuting power; hence the union or league between the clergy
and the civil power could "not prosper" then,
because the 1260 years counted from that date would bring "the
end" too soon; therefore it must be put off, or held back,
and allowed to come about gradually by the decay of the empire
in Italy. We see on the pages of ecclesiastical history the scheming
of the Christian bishops for power in the Roman empire;
and evidently the emperors debated much whether it would not be
to their advantage to recognize the new religion. Apparently Constantine
merely acted out, at a riper time, what others had more or less
thought of. But even Constantine was hindered by the temper of
the people from accomplishing at once and as rapidly as was desired
a union of the forces of church and state.
regard `verses 29 and 30` as a parenthesis,
thrown in to conceal the meaning for a time by breaking the order
of the narrative, and believe it to apply to a then far future
collision between the representatives of the Roman empire and
Egypt. No further conflict between these would occur except one,
and it would be just at "the time appointed"--the
time of the end, 1799. For this reason we will leave the examination
of these verses until considering that last battle between them,
as detailed in `verses 40-45`.
31` connects with the thought of `verse
27`, and we recognize it as referring to the more successful
of the two powers in the Roman empire--Papacy. Having traced history
through notable individual rulers down to Aurelian, and having
introduced us to the two antagonistic rulerships-- civil and ecclesiastical--which
arose shortly after, the predominance of Papacy, its character
and its work, as related to God's truth and Church, are next pointed
out-- being represented as one king or power, regardless of its
various and changing popes or heads. We know that in the contest
between the civil and religious rulers Papacy was
<PAGE 36> victorious; and the prophecy reads,
"Arms shall stand on his part [or, "strong ones out
of him stand up"--Young's translation], and shall
pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the
continual sacrifice, and they will SET UP the desolating
we interpret to mean that, though neither the church nor the civil
power succeeded in swallowing up the other, as at one time seemed
probable, yet "strong ones" arose, who polluted the
fundamental principles both of the civil government and also of
true religion. The "sanctuary of strength," the sacred
precincts of civil authority, which for the time God had delivered
over to the Gentiles, to the kingdoms of this world, was undermined
by those in the Church who thirsted for present dominion, and
who sought by every device to obtain civil power to help forward
their ecclesiastical schemes; and the sanctuary of God
(his sacred dwelling--the Church) was defiled and degraded by
the persistent efforts of these "strong ones" to obtain
power with the civil rulers, and numbers, and influence with the
people. This was Papacy in embryo, scheming to set itself up in
power as a sacerdotal empire.
cannot wonder that these heady, "strong ones," having
disregarded God's plan, which provides for our present
submission to "the powers that be" (which are ordained
of God for our present trial and our preparation for future
exaltation to power, glory and the dominion of the world), and
having decided to reign, if possible, before God's time, were
so far out of harmony with God's plan that they lost the very
essence and kernel of the truth, and retained only the form, the
outward appearance. A most decisive step of the apostasy was to
"remove the continual sacrifice." This, the climax of
doctrinal degeneracy, represented in the Romish doctrines of Transubstantiation
and the Sacrifice of the Mass, we merely name here, leaving it
for fuller examination
<PAGE 37> in connection with another prophecy
in a later chapter. From the introduction of this fatal and blasphemous
error, God calls the system an abomination; and its subsequent
exaltation to power is here referred to as, "the desolating
abomination set up." How well Papacy has earned this
name, and how blighting has been its baneful influence, are well
attested by the history of the "dark ages," glimpses
of which we have given in the preceding volume.
32`: "And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall
he corrupt by flatteries." Those in the Church who failed
to live up to their covenant with the Lord fell an easy prey to
the flatteries, honors, titles, etc., held before them by the
Papal hierarchy as it began to have influence. But though many
yielded to the errors, all did not; for we read, "But the
people that do know their God shall be strong and deal valiantly;
and they that understand among the people shall instruct many."
Thus is shown a division of the Church into two marked classes,
distinguished in `Dan. 8:11-14` as
the sanctuary and the host: one class, corrupted
by the flattering honors of the world, violated its covenant with
God, while the other class was really strengthened by the persecutions
to which their loyalty to God exposed them. Among the latter class
were some who understood the situation, and taught the faithful
that thus it was written in the Scriptures that the Antichrist,
or Man of Sin, would develop from a great falling away in the
and power were in the hands of the forsakers of the covenant,
who became joined to the empire; and the faithful few were persecuted--hunted,
imprisoned, racked, tortured, and put to death in hundreds of
revolting forms, as the pages of history plainly attest, and as
here foretold by the prophet, who said, "Yet they shall fall
by the sword, and by flame, by captivity and by spoil--days,"
<PAGE 38> parenthesis of
`verse 34 and part of 35` interrupts]--"to the time
of the end; because it is yet [future] for a time appointed."
The length of time this persecution was to continue is not stated
here, except that it will be concluded as appointed, at the Time
of the End. From other scriptures we learn that it was a period
of 1260 years, which ended with A.D. 1799, a date prominently
noted by Daniel and the Revelator as well as in history.
34,35`: "Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with
a little help." The full period of the persecutor's (Papacy's)
power, 1260 years, would not end until 1799; but before its end
God granted a little help through the Reformation movement, which,
though at first it rather increased persecution, afterward gave
some comfort and protection to those falling because of fidelity
to God's Word. The Reformation prevented the complete crushing
out of the truth from the world. But, alas! with the little help
came the "flatterers" again. As soon as persecution
began to abate the adversary resorted to the same device, by which
he had formerly succeeded in corrupting and degrading the church,
to now overcome the reform movements. Kings and princes began
to give honors and titles to Protestants and to unite with Protestantism;
and this led to serious evil results and deflection from the covenant,
as we read: "But many shall cleave to them with flatteries;
and some of them of understanding [leaders, reformers, teachers,
who had been able to instruct many concerning Papacy's errors]
shall fall; to try them [the faithful few] and to purge and to
make them white."
the prophecy further, we find that as the previous verses pointedly
describe the leading characters prominently connected with the
transfer of dominion to Greece and then to Rome, and then craftily,
gradually, stealthily to Papacy as a power which grew up out of
<PAGE 39> Rome, so also when it comes to the
very important point of noting where Papal dominion was broken,*
it is but reasonable to expect that Napoleon, the leading character
associated with this change, should be marked out; and that, too,
not by a description of his personal appearance, but by a description
of his peculiar characteristics, just as Augustus and Tiberius
Caesar were indicated. Such a description we do find; and Napoleon
Bonaparte's career corresponds exactly with that description.
`Verses 31-35` describe Papacy, its errors and abominations,
and the Reformation and its "little help" yet partial
failure through flatteries; and these verses bring us down to
the "Time of the End," and show us that, notwithstanding
the little help afforded, some would fall by persecution
until the Time of the End. And so it was: in all the countries
subject to Papacy--Spain, France, etc.--persecution through the
terrible Inquisition continued, until broken effectually by Napoleon.
follow the verses descriptive of Napoleon, the instrument employed
by Providence to break Papacy's power and to begin her torture,
which will end in utter destruction, to be accomplished later
on; as it is written, "Whom the Lord shall destroy with
the bright shining of his presence."
`2 Thess. 2:8` ---------- *It is proper to say that Papal
dominion passed away at the beginning of the present century;
for after the French Revolution the authority of Rome over rulers
and kingdoms (and even over its own territory in Italy) was only
nominal and not real. It should be remembered, too, that
until that time France had been, of all the nations, the most
faithful and subservient to the Papal authority. It was her kings
and princes and nobles and people who most readily obeyed the
behests of the pope--organized crusades, went to war, etc., etc.,
in obedience to the pope's command, and who were so loyal as not
to permit a Protestant to live on her soil after the massacre
of St. Bartholomew's night. No other nation, therefore, could
have struck Papacy so stunning and destructive a blow as the French.
public career of Napoleon Bonaparte, who was recognized even in
his own day as "the man of destiny," is so clearly portrayed
by the prophetic statement as to positively fix the date of "the
time appointed." This method of fixing a date is accurate.
And if we shall show that the events here mentioned in prophecy
agree with Napoleon's career in history, we can determine the
date as certainly as we could the beginning of the reign of Augustus
Caesar, or Tiberius, or Cleopatra--described in
`verses 17, 20 and 21`. Napoleon's career, in the light
of prophecy, marked A.D. 1799 as the close of the 1260 years of
Papal power, and the beginning of the period called the "Time
of the End." The prophetic description runs thus:
36`: "And the king shall do according to his will, and he
shall exalt himself and magnify himself above every god, and shall
speak marvelous things against the god of gods, and shall prosper
till the wrath is accomplished; for that which is determined shall
be done." Napoleon was not a king, but the term king is a
general one to indicate a powerful ruler. He did, perhaps, as
nearly "according to his will" as any man that
ever lived; he was noted for his wilfulness and determination,
which conquered almost insurmountable difficulties. To get the
proper meaning of the above verse, it must be remembered that
the word "god" signifies a mighty one;
and that it is frequently used in Scripture in referring to kings
and rulers, as in this verse: "god of gods."*
Here the word "gods" refers to rulers, kings and princes,
and the expression, "god of gods," or ruler of
rulers, refers to the pope. Most men have acknowledged some
religious superior, but Napoleon acknowledged none. He had a will
of his own, and a plan of his own, which was to exalt himself
above every other ruler. Even the "god of gods" (i.e.,
the ruler of rulers--the pope) he addressed in a marvelous ----------
*See SCRIPTURE STUDIES, Vol. II, pp. 274 and 275.
<PAGE 41> way; commanding his obedience as
his servant, in a manner which shocked the superstitions of the
world at that day, and the dignity of the papal hierarchy as well.
And, as here declared, he prospered until he had accomplished
his mission of scourging Papacy and breaking its influence over
the minds of the people. In proof of this, history* says:
the secular princes who had concluded treaties with the French
adhered to them in good faith, and paid the contributions stipulated,
the sovereign Pontiff was guilty of the most unwise violations
of his engagements. Surrounded by priests who were his only counsellors,
the Pope had resource to his old expedients of artifice and pious
frauds; and great efforts were made to inflame the minds of the
people against the French....The priests pretended that heaven
had interfered, and it was positively asserted that various miracles
had been performed in the different churches in vindication of
the holy catholic faith of Papal supremacy, showing the displeasure
of heaven at the conduct of the French. Bonaparte, perceiving
that such was the infatuation of the Court of Rome that all his
efforts for peace would be unavailing, took immediate steps to
bring 'His Holiness' to his senses.
ordered General Victor to invade the Papal territories, who scattered
the army of the Pope 'like chaff before the wind,' and spread
a general panic through the ecclesiastical states....'His Holiness,'
finding that St. Peter afforded him no assistance in this emergency,...dispatched
plenipotentiaries to Bonaparte to supplicate for peace. Peace
was obtained, but upon conditions sufficiently humiliating: In
addition to complying with the provisional treaty previously entered
into and infracted by the Pope, he was obliged to cede a part
of his territory and pay a sum of money amounting to about thirty
millions of French livres [about six million dollars], as an atonement
for the last rupture."
added to the first assessment, made in all over ten ----------
*Campaigns of Napoleon, pp. 89,95,96.
<PAGE 42> million dollars that the Pope paid
to France in gold and silver, besides other valuables--statuary,
paintings, etc. A Roman Catholic writer declares that "The
fulfilment of these conditions brought the Pope to the verge of
ruin." This treaty was concluded February 19, 1797.
may be thought that this summary and successful overturning of
Papal power would be sufficient to prove to the world that its
claims to divine right to rule kings, etc., were mere assumptions;
but if not, surely the final touches were added the following
year, when the French general, Berthier, entered Rome, organized
there a Republic, on February 15, 1798, and five days later carried
the pope a prisoner to France, where he died the following year.
From that time until the present, Papal dominion over the kingdoms
of earth has been merely a shadow of its former self. Since then,
it has scarcely mentioned its assumed right to make and unmake
kings. In fact, the pope who succeeded in 1800, under the title
Pius VII, "published an address in which he declared it to
be the doctrine of the gospel that all should obey established
governments," which of course included himself.
37`: "He shall neither regard the god [ruler] of his fathers,
nor the desire of women, nor regard any god [ruler]; for he shall
exalt himself in opposition to all."
only did Napoleon not respect the god of his fathers, Papacy,
but neither did he regard favorably any of the Protestant sects,
here represented as women.* In fact, nothing but his own personal
ambition controlled him.
38`: "But in his place [instead of any of these gods] he
shall honor the god of forces [military power]: and a god whom
his fathers knew not, shall he honor with gold, and ----------
*As the one true Church is symbolically called the Bride of Christ,
and as the Church of Rome in unfaithful alliance with earthly
empire is called a harlot, so the various Protestant sects are
<PAGE 43> silver, and with precious stones,
and things desired."
great warriors made some acknowledgment to some supernatural powers
for victories achieved. Alexander the Great visited the heathen
temples, and thus celebrated victories; so did the Caesars; and
in later times, under Papacy, it was the custom for both sides
in a war to appeal to God, to saints, to the Virgin and to the
popes for blessings and victory; and at least to pretend to accept
victory as God-given. But Napoleon did nothing of the sort: he
ascribed his success to himself and his own genius. Armies were
his reliance; in brave men, quick maneuvering and able generals
he put his trust; and to these he addressed his petitions. The
form of his oath to the French "Council of the Ancients,"
on assuming command of the armies of France upon his return from
Egypt, shows that his reliance was upon himself and his armies.
He swore neither by God, nor by the Bible, nor by the Pope, nor
by France; but he said: "I swear it! I swear it in my
own name, and in the name of my brave comrades!" While
serving his own ambition, he claimed to serve the people; and
the treasures of Rome, and of other cities and countries which
he spoiled, were turned over to the people of France, of whom
himself and his soldiers were a part.
39`: "And he shall do this to strengthen his hold with the
strange [new] god: Whoever will acknowledge him, him will he give
much honor; and he will cause such to rule over many, and he will
divide the land gratis."
put his friends and trusty generals into places of power among
all the conquered nations of Europe. These offices were his gifts,
yet they were held upon condition of fealty to him. They were
"gratis," and yet the price of their loyalty to him.
Of this history* says:
---------- *Williard's Universal History, page 452.
ambitious views of Napoleon became still more apparent. Holland
had the previous year been formed into a kingdom, of which his
brother, Louis Bonaparte, was made king. Naples was now given
to Joseph Bonaparte, the elder brother, who was also invested
with the title of King of the two Sicilies. Several provinces
were constituted duchies or grand fiefs of the empire, and given
to the Emperor's relations and favorites. His sister Pauline was
made princess of Guastalla; his brother-in-law, Murat, grand duke
of Berg and Cleves; while Eugene Beauharnais, the son of his Empress
Josephine by a former marriage, was sent viceroy to Italy. Fourteen
provinces in the south and west of Germany were formed into the
Confederation of the Rhine. They were separated from the Germanic
body, and recognized Napoleon as their head, under the title of
Protector.... Switzerland was also brought under the dominion
of France, Napoleon declaring himself its 'Mediator.'"
policy of Napoleon also led him to establish various honorable
and honorary orders among the officers and soldiers, such, for
instance, as the "Legion of Honor," "The Order
of the Iron Crown," etc., etc.
thus furnished grounds for establishing the identity of this character
(Napoleon), whose deeds mark the beginning of the "Time of
the End," the prophecy proceeds to show which particular
event of that time is to be understood as definitely marking
the exact date of the beginning of the "Time of the
End." This event is shown to be Napoleon's invasion of Egypt,
which covered a period of a year and nearly five months. He sailed
May, 1798 and, returning, landed in France Oct. 9, 1799. This
campaign is graphically described in a few words in
40`: "And at the [fixed] Time of the End shall the king of
the South [Egypt] fight against him, and the king of the North
[England] shall come against him like a tempest, with chariots
and with horsemen [the Egyptian Mamelukes,
<PAGE 45> etc.] and with a great navy.
[The English forces consisted of a navy under Admiral Nelson.]
And he [Napoleon] shall enter into the countries, and shall destroy
and pass through [victoriously]."
informs us that the Egyptian army under Murat Bey "after
a most determined struggle was repulsed;...the success of the
French struck terror far into Asia and Africa; and the surrounding
tribes submitted to the conqueror... But fortune was preparing
for him a terrible reverse. His fleet, consisting of thirteen
ships of the line [war vessels], besides frigates, was found in
Aboukir Bay by Nelson, the English admiral, who had long been
in pursuit, and was attacked on the evening of Aug. 1, 1798, with
a degree of vigor and activity ["like a whirlwind"]
which was never surpassed in naval warfare."
41-43`: "He shall enter also into the glorious land [Palestine],
and many shall fall: but these shall escape out of his hand, even
Edom and Moab, and the principality of the children of Ammon.
[Napoleon kept to the coast, and did not enter but passed by these
lands.] He shall stretch forth his hand upon the countries, and
Egypt shall not escape. And he shall have power over the treasures
of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt;
and the Libyans and the Ethiopians will follow at his steps."
44-45`: "And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace
[his palatial tents] between the seas, in the glorious holy mountain."
This statement might refer to either of two mountains--Mt. Tabor
or Mt. Sinai--both of which might be called glorious and holy.
On Mt. Tabor, glorious and holy as the place of our Lord's transfiguration,
and called by Peter "the holy mount," Napoleon's tents
were pitched, one of his most important battles being fought there.
Mt. Sinai, holy and glorious as being the place where the Law
<PAGE 46> Covenant between God and Israel
was ratified, was visited by Napoleon and his "scientific
corps" and select guard.
tidings out of the East and out of the North shall trouble him:
therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly
to make away many [nations]. Yet he shall come to his end, and
none shall help him."
in Egypt tidings of fresh alliance against France reached Napoleon,
and he at once set out for France. With reference to this history*
says, "Intelligence from Europe now induced him to abandon
Egypt; and, leaving his army under Kleber, he returned to France
with secrecy and dispatch. ...A reverse of fortune had taken place
in French affairs, a second coalition had formed against France,
composed of England, Russia, Naples, the Ottoman Porte and Austria."
Compare these words of history with those of prophecy: "But
tidings out of the East and out of the North shall
trouble him; therefore shall he go forth with great fury to destroy,
and utterly to make away many [nations]." Napoleon's great
fury, and his attempted destruction of all the nations of Europe,
are too well known to require repetition here. He almost succeeded
in his ambitious designs; yet, as predicted by the Prophet, in
a few years this most notable man of his day died an exile, forsaken
`verse 40` declares that this invasion of Egypt would be
"at the Time of the End" or (as the Douay version
renders it) "at the time prefixed," so do
`verses 29 and 30`, which refer to the same event and which
were previously introduced as a parenthesis. It will be remembered
that we have found `verses 25-28` to
refer to a previous invasion of Egypt; and in
`verses 29 and 30` it is intimated that the next great
invasion of Egypt would be "at the time appointed,"
i.e., at the "Time of the End," as described in
---------- *Willard's Universal History, page 446.
the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south;
but it shall not be as the former or as the latter" invasions.
Napoleon's invasion of Egypt did not result either like that in
the days of Cleopatra, or like that in the days of her descendant,
Queen Zenobia. Napoleon, though successful as a general in Egypt,
achieved no such victories as his predecessors; and the reason
is described in the next verse--"For the ships of
Chittim ["of the Romans"--Douay] shall come against
him." The English navy harassed Napoleon and hindered his
conquest. Since England as well as France had been a part of the
old Roman Empire, and since France was at war with the remainder
of that empire, endeavoring to conquer it, we see the propriety
of these being called Roman ships. "Therefore he [Napoleon]
shall be grieved, and return and have indignation against the
holy covenant: and he shall succeed."
his return from Egypt, Napoleon abandoned his former policy of
violent opposition to Papacy, and signed a Concordat or
agreement with the pope, by which the Roman Catholic religion
was re-established in France. This was an action against
the truth; but he seemed to see that by this policy he could best
succeed in overturning the Republic and in establishing himself
in power as Emperor. And he did "succeed." But
this policy did not last long after he obtained imperial power:
he soon began again to work against that system called the "Man
of Sin," as the prophecy describes in the following words:
"And he [Napoleon] shall return [change about] and shall
devise against them that have forsaken the covenant of
the sanctuary"; i.e., he began to scheme and operate against
the apostate church of Rome. In this also he succeeded.
pointedly does `Daniel xi` trace
the world's history, by its most notable characters, from the
kingdom of Persia down to the overthrow of Papal dominion. Though
<PAGE 48> the long period of twenty-four hundred
years, it accomplishes its purpose of clearly marking the very
year of the beginning of the Time of the End--1799. With that
year terminated the limit of Papacy's 1260 years of power to oppress,
and the Time of the End began. And let it not be overlooked that
this was also the last year of Papacy's millennium, or one thousand
years' reign, which began, as shown in the previous volume, with
the year 800. But 1799 was only the beginning of the period known
as "the Time of the End," within the limits of which
every vestige of that system shall pass away.
how in the few words of `verses 34 and 35`
the decline of the Reformation and its cause are described.
The love of the world and a desire to be in power, influence and
ease were the snares which first seduced the church and brought
forth Papacy; and the same desires and endeavors interrupted the
Reformation. Luther and his companions at first boldly denounced,
among other of the papal errors, the union of church and state;
but when, after some years of brave resistance to powerful opposition,
the Reformation began to have some influence because of numbers,
when kings and princes began to flatter the reformers, and avenues
to social and political preferment opened before them, the evils
of church and state union, which once they saw and opposed in
Papacy, were lost sight of. The reformed churches in Germany,
Switzerland, etc., stepped into the very shoes of Rome, and stood
ready to unite with and favor any political party, or prince,
or government, willing to own and recognize them. Thus some of
understanding fell, and from being leaders of reform they became
leaders into temptation. Thus the reform movement, well begun,
was greatly checked.
all this could not frustrate God's plan. By his wisdom it was
overruled for good. It served, as Papacy's error had
<PAGE 49> done, to further test the true saints,
to prove whether they were really followers of men or of God.
It has served this purpose all the way down, from that time to
this--"to try them, and to purge, and to make them white."
we are correct in placing the beginning of the Time of the End
at 1799, we should expect that there the falling into the error
of church and state union would measurably cease, though it might
require long years for the full recovery out of that snare of
the devil. Looking back, we find that facts exactly correspond
with this. Since that date there have been separations between
empires and churches, but no new unions. Really, this date marks
a new reformation on a more substantial basis. The influence of
Papacy over the kingdoms of Europe had previously been so great
that its curses were dreaded by the nations as a withering blight,
and its blessings desired for national prosperity. When Protestants
separated from Papacy, they were received by the world as being
merely a less corrupt substitute for the Papacy; and their favor,
advice or sanction was often very similarly sought. But when Napoleon
boldly ignored both the blessings and the curses of Papacy, and
yet prospered phenomenally, his course not only greatly weakened
the Papal influence over civil governments, but it also weakened
the influence of the various Protestant systems, in matters civil
and political--which influence had grown very strong in two and
a half centuries.
new reformation, which dated from Napoleon's day, was no less
thorough than the reformation brought about by Luther and his
colleagues, though it was not a religious movement, nor in any
way animated by a religious zeal; nor were the actors in it aware
of the fact that they were accomplishing a work marked out for
them in prophecy centuries before. Napoleon and his co-workers
were godless men, animated by their own selfish ambitions for
<PAGE 50> but God, unknown to them, was overruling
their course and causing it to work out his own designs, which
it effectually did. Had the reformation which God first started
within the Church itself continued, had the reformers and their
descendants continued faithful to the Truth, his great designs
might have been accomplished through their honored instrumentality.
But when they succumbed to the flatteries of the world, God showed
that he had other ways and means for accomplishing his purposes.
work, together with the French Revolution, broke the spell of
religious superstition, humbled the pride of self-exalted religious
lords, awakened the world to a fuller sense of the powers and
prerogatives of manhood and broke the Papal dominion against which
the religious Reformation had previously struck a death-blow,
but which its after course had healed. (`Rev.
13:3`) The era closing with A.D. 1799, marked by Napoleon's
Egyptian campaign, sealed and defined the limit of Papal dominion
over the nations. There, the time appointed (1260 years of power)
having expired, the predicted judgment against that system began,
which must finally "consume and destroy it unto the end."
date also clearly marks the beginning of a new era of liberty
of thought, and the realization of individual rights and privileges,
and has already been distinguished by its rapid strides of progress
toward the full accomplishment of the work mapped out for this
Time of the End. As a single illustration, notice the rise and
work of the various Bible Societies--"pestiferous Bible Societies,"
Rome calls them, though it cannot now hinder them. And the sacred
volume which once she confined in chains, kept covered in dead
languages, and forbade her deluded subjects to read, is now scattered
by the million in every nation and language. The British and Foreign
Bible Society was established in 1803;
<PAGE 51> the New York Bible Society in 1804;
the Berlin-Prussian Bible Society in 1805; the Philadelphia Bible
Society in 1808; and the American Bible Society in 1817. The extent
of the work done by these societies during this century is wonderful.
Bibles by the million are published yearly and sold at low prices,
and many thousands are given away to the poor. It is difficult
to estimate the wide influence of this work. While much is doubtless
lost, the result in general is to break the bonds of slavery and
superstition, political and ecclesiastical. Its quiet teaching--that
popes, priests and laity, as well as kings, generals and beggars,
must all render an account to one Lord--is the greatest of all
levelers and equalizers.
the religious reformation movement throughout Europe had severely
shaken Papacy's influence, yet the reformed churches had so closely
imitated her policy of statecraft, affiliation with earthly empires,
and claims of clerical authority over the people (that the "clergy"
constitute a special and divinely appointed rulership in the world),
that the first effect of that reformation became greatly modified,
and left the people and the civil rulers largely under superstitious
awe and subserviency to every thing called church authority. The
reform divided among several sects much of the superstitious and
unwholesome veneration formerly concentrated upon Papacy alone.
But the political reform witnessed during the Nineteenth Century,
dating particularly from 1799, the "Time of the End,"
though very different from the former, is none the less a reformation.
The revolution and independence of the American colonies-- the
successful establishment of a prosperous Republic, a government
by the people and for the people, without the interference of
either royalty or priest-craft--had set a new lesson before the
now awaking people, who for so many centuries had slumbered in
ignorance of their God-given
<PAGE 52> rights, supposing that God had appointed
the church to the supreme rulership of earth, and that they were
bound to obey those kings and emperors sanctioned by the church,
no matter how unjust their demands, because she had declared them
to be appointed by God, through her.
a long down-trodden and priest-ridden people, America became a
source of wonderment. Truly it was "Liberty enlightening
the world." Finally, oppressed by priest-craft, royal extravagance,
etc., augmented by repeated failures of the crops, which impoverished
and almost famished them, the people of France arose in desperation
and accomplished that most terrible revolution which lasted for
fourteen years, from 1789 to 1804.
as were those scenes of anarchy and violence, they were but the
legitimate fruit, the reactionary effect, of the awakening of
a long oppressed people to a realization of their shame and degradation.
It was the reaping of a whirlwind by the civil and religious powers,
which in the name of God and of truth had been blinding
and binding, for their own aggrandizement, people for whom Christ
course such a reaction from such a cause would be to infidelity.
France suddenly became thoroughly infidel under the influence
of Voltaire and his associates, who deluged the country with their
writings, hurling contempt and ridicule upon Christianity, or
rather upon the apostate Church of Rome, which was the only Christianity
with which the French people were acquainted. They pointed out
its falsehoods, its absurdities, its hypocrisies, its immoralities,
its cruelties and all its wickedness, until the French people
became as inflamed in their zeal to exterminate Catholicism and
all religion as they had formerly been zealous to uphold it. And
miserable, deluded France, for a thousand years completely under
the influence of the Papacy,
<PAGE 53> supposing that the real Christ and
not the Antichrist had been her despicable master, cried out in
the words of Voltaire, "Down with the wretch"; and their
efforts to down the execrable Antichrist resulted in all the horrors
of the French Revolution--a wonderful illustration of retributive
justice when viewed in comparison with the dreadful massacres
of St. Bartholomew's day, and similar occasions incited and rejoiced
over by the Papacy.
France suddenly rose in its might, destroyed the Bastile, issued
its declaration of the rights of man, executed the king and queen
and declared war against all kings and sympathy with all revolutionists
everywhere. Meanwhile the rulers of the world with bated breath
dreaded lest the revolutionary contagion should break out among
their subjects; and, fearful of world-wide anarchy, they organized
alliances for their mutual protection against their subjects,
who indeed were scarce restrained. The French renounced Christianity,
and confiscated all the vast estates and revenues of the Roman
Catholic Church, as well as the estates of the king and the nobility.
The streets of Paris again ran with blood, but it was the blood
of priests and nobles and their supporters, instead of that of
Protestants. The number of the executed is estimated at 1,022,000.
These perished by hundreds of processes invented for the occasion.
During the hunting and the slaughter, the priests were taunted
with reminders of the similar course of Papists toward Protestants,
and of their own doctrine--that "the end justifies the means."
The Revolutionists claimed the end sought to be human liberty,
political and religious; and that the death of those opposed to
this was needful, as the only sure means.
all such things, the French Revolution was a great evil, and caused
much distress to millions of people; yet like some others, too,
it was a partial redress of a great wrong; and, like some others,
it was overruled by God for good, for
<PAGE 54> the increase of knowledge and the
forwarding of his plans as pointed out in prophecy. We here intrude
the remark that the French Revolution is prominently pointed out
in the Book of Revelation, which clearly shows that the closing
trouble upon all the nations of "Christendom" was illustrated
in that reign of terror. That pestilence of Infidelity and Anarchism,
which spread from France the world over, was fed and fattened
upon the false, unscriptural doctrines and practices of "Christendom,"
represented not only in Papacy but in "Orthodoxy" generally.
Nominal Christianity has not cured this malady, and is powerless
to avert its further outbreak, predicted in the Scriptures to
be the greatest trouble ever to be known to earth.
influence of the French infidels was carried over Europe by the
armies under Napoleon, and greatly undermined the power both of
kings and priests. But the rough handling of Papacy by Napoleon,
acting as the head and representative of Infidel France, capped
the climax, and more than all else helped to break the fetters
of superstitious veneration, by which the "clergy" class
had so long held the "common people" under them. But
when the intrepid Napoleon not only defied the anathemas of Pope
Pius VI but laid penalties upon him for violation of his (Napoleon's)
orders, and finally compelled him to cede back to France the papal
territories granted a thousand years before by Charlemagne (whose
successor Napoleon claimed to be), it opened the eyes of the people
as well as of the monarchs of Europe to the falsity of Papacy's
claim to authority. The great revolution of public opinion at
this time, regarding papal authority, may be seen in the fact
that Napoleon, upon assuming the title and proclaiming himself
Roman Emperor as successor of Charlemagne,* did not go to Rome
---------- *Napoleon's great European wars were but his attempts
to re-unite that empire as it existed under Charlemagne.
<PAGE 55> to have the pope crown him, as did
Charlemagne and others, but commanded the pope to come to France
to attend his coronation. And even then the successful chief,
who more than once had pillaged, impoverished and humbled the
Papacy, would not consent to be crowned by the pope, and thus
to accept the imperial dignity with any acknowledgment of papal
authority, but merely had the pope (Pius VII) present, to sanction
and acknowledge the ceremony, and to bless the crown which Napoleon
then took from the altar and put upon his own head. The historian
says, "He then put the diadem on the head of his empress,
as if to show that his authority was the child of his own
actions"--the result of his own civil and military successes.
Nor has the pope ever been since requested to bestow the crown
of the Roman empire. A Roman Catholic writer* says of this coronation:
differently from Charlemagne and other monarchs, who had repaired
to Rome on similar occasions, he [Napoleon] insisted in his
arrogance that the holy father should come to Paris to crown
him. The pope felt extreme reluctance to depart thus from
the ancient usage. In fact, he considered it derogatroy to
his exalted office."
the humiliations heaped upon Papacy by Napoleon, history+ says:
armistice was concluded [June 23, 1796] with the Pope [Pius VI],
the terms of which were sufficiently humiliating to the head of
the church, once the most powerful sovereign in Europe. The pontiff,
who once trod on the necks of kings, made and unmade sovereigns,
disposed of states and kingdoms, and, as the great high-priest
and vicegerent of the Almighty on earth, established an authority
as lord paramount, and reigned over the heads of other sovereigns,
was constrained to drink to the very dregs the cup of humiliation.
---------- *Chair of St. Peter, page 433. +Campaigns of Napoleon,
<PAGE 56> If the draught was bitter, it was
one which his predecessors had liberally dealt out to others.
He was compelled to open his ports to French vessels, and to exclude
the flags of all nations at war with that Republic; to permit
the French army to continue in possession of the legations of
Bologna and Ferrara; to surrender the citadel of Ancona; to give
to the French 100 paintings, busts, vases or statues to be selected
by commissioners sent from Paris to Rome; also 500 (ancient and
valuable) manuscripts to be selected in the same way; and, to
sweeten the whole, his holiness was to pay to the Republic 21,000,000
French livres, most of which was to be in specie, or gold and
the nonfulfilment of these penalties promptly, the money fine
was increased to 50,000,000 livres, and certain papal territories
were compelled to be ceded to France; and the pope was finally
made a prisoner and taken to France, where he died.
Pius VII, who had been restored to pontifical honors, and who
in 1804 attended the crowning of Napoleon, was afterward
by decree of Napoleon (1808-1809) bereft of every shred of temporal
power; and the monuments and art treasures of Rome were taken
under French protection. The language used by Napoleon was that
"the donation of territories by our illustrious predecessor,
Charlemagne, to the Holy See,...Urbino, Ancona, Macerata, be forever
united to the Kingdom of Italy."
import of this is thus told by a Roman Catholic writer*:
this it was added, that the pope should continue to be the bishop
of Rome, exercising his spiritual functions as his predecessors
had done in the early ages, down to the reign of Charlemagne.
The following year, emboldened by the successes of his arms, the
Emperor resolved that the pope should be deprived of his now nominal
sovereignty-- the mere shadow of temporal power, that still remained
to ---------- *Chair of St. Peter, pp. 439,440.
<PAGE 57> him in his capital and the
adjacent districts. [These Papacy held for years before Charlemagne's
gift--from A.D. 539.] Accordingly he issued a new decree, from
the palace of the Austrian Caesars, that Rome should be an Imperial
Free City; that its civil administration should be conducted by
a council then nominated by the Emperor; that its monuments and
art treasures should be taken under French protection; and that
the pope, having ceased to reign, an income should be settled
on his holiness."
this, Pius VII issued a bull of excommunication against Napoleon,
and was taken a prisoner to France, where he finally signed the
Concordat of Fontainebleau, dated Jan. 25, 1813, in which he placed
in Napoleon's hands the nomination of Bishops and Metropolitans,
and virtually rescinded his own authority to veto such appointments.
Thus he in effect gave Napoleon the authority of a pope, which
was what Napoleon had long desired.
have Roman Catholics failed to note the importance of the events
which introduced the present century. They not only admit the
losses and indignities inflicted, as above quoted, but they claim
that the Millennial reign of Papacy (the thousand years from the
time of Charlemagne's present of the before mentioned states to
the Papacy--A.D. 800) ended with the taking away of its dominions
by Napoleon; from which time it has at no time had more than a
skeleton of power. It is Papacy's claim that, as the Kingdom of
Christ, it has accomplished the predicted reign over the nations,
mentioned in `Rev. 20:1-4`, and that
the present period of trouble upon that system is the "little
season" in which Satan is loosed, mentioned in the
`7th and 9th verses`. Only such as see in Papacy Satan's
counterfeit of the true Christ, and who recognize the true
Church and the true reign, can fully appreciate this.
have, perhaps, cited enough to convince the reader that the period
of the French Revolution and Napoleon's power was a very marked
period in Papacy's history; and
<PAGE 58> Papal influence, broken then, has
never been regained. Though at times some favors were granted,
they were only for a short time, and were followed by renewed
indignities, until in 1870 all temporal authority of the popes
again ceased--we believe never to be revived. Remember, too, that
it was Napoleon's soldiers who broke open the Inquisitions, and
put an end to public tortures and executions for religious convictions.
effect of the partial breaking down of the priest-craft and superstition,
while it has led to more open infidelity, has also, in
thus overthrowing a superstitious reverence for men, led to more
intelligent thought on the part of the consecrated people of God--many
of whom previously scarcely dared to think, or study the Scriptures
for themselves. Thus, this revolution was favorable to the development
of the truth and of true Christianity, by stimulating Bible study.
It really carried forward the good work begun in the Reformation
of Luther's day, which had been checked by the ignorance and servility
of the masses, and the love of power, dignity, authority and ease
on the part of the "clergy."
have thus shown that 1799 began the period called the Time of
the End; that in this time Papacy is to be consumed piece-meal;
and that Napoleon took away not only Charlemagne's gifts of territory
(one thousand years after they were made), but also, afterward,
the Papacy's civil jurisdiction in the city of Rome, which was
recognized nominally from the promulgation of Justinian's
decree, A.D. 533, but actually from the overthrow of the
Ostrogothic monarchy A.D. 539--just 1260 years before 1799. This
was the exact limit of the time, times and a half of its power,
as repeatedly defined in prophecy. And though in some measure
<PAGE 59> claimed again since, Papacy is without
a vestige of temporal or civil authority today, it having been
wholly "consumed." The Man of Sin, devoid of
civil power, still poses and boasts; but, civilly powerless, he
awaits utter destruction in the near future, at the hands of the
enraged masses (God's unwitting agency), as clearly shown in Revelation.
Time of the End, or day of Jehovah's preparation, beginning
A.D. 1799 and closing A.D. 1914, though characterized by a great
increase of knowledge over all past ages, is to culminate in the
greatest time of trouble the world has ever known; but it is nevertheless
preparing for and leading into that blessed time so long promised,
when the true Kingdom of God, under the control of the
true Christ, will fully establish an order of government
the very reverse of that of Antichrist. Since this period prepares
for and leads to the Kingdom, it leads also to the great conflict
between the old and the new order of things by which the latter
will be introduced. And though the old order of things must pass
away, and the new must supersede it, the change will be violently
opposed by those advantaged by the present order. Revolution,
world-wide, will be the outcome, resulting in the final and complete
destruction of the old order and the introduction and establishment
of the new.
the discoveries, inventions and advantages which make our day
the superior of every other day are but so many elements working
together in this day of preparation for the incoming Millennial
age, when true and healthful reform, and actual and rapid progress
in every direction, will be the order, to all and for all.
AWAKE FROM THY SADNESS!
"Daughter of Zion, awake from thy sadness!
Awake! for thy foes shall oppress thee no more.
Bright o'er the hills dawns the day-star of gladness:
Arise! for the night of thy sorrow is o'er.
"Strong were thy foes, but the arm that subdued them,
And scattered their legions, was mightier far:
They fled like the chaff from the scourge that pursued them;
Vain were their steeds and their chariots of war.
"Daughter of Zion, the power that hath saved thee,
Extolled with the harp and the timbrel should be.
Shout! for the foe is destroyed that enslaved thee,
Th' oppressor is vanquished and Zion is free."