GOD'S STONE WITNESS
THE GREAT PYRAMID IN
TO STUDY X
KINDLY COMMENT ON THIS CHAPTER
WHEN IN MANUSCRIPT, FROM THE PEN
OF THE ESTEEMED
PROF. C. PIAZZI SMYTH, F.R.S.E., F.R.A.S.
EX-ASTRONOMER ROYAL FOR SCOTLAND
William M. Wright, on learning that this chapter on the Great
Pyramid was written, requested that he might have the reading
of it before it would be put into type, as he had already considerable
knowledge of the Pyramid. This we gladly granted, assuring him
of our desire for all the criticism possible. After reading the
MS., Bro. Wright concluded that, as we desired criticism, the
higher the standing of the critic the better. Accordingly he made
a typewritten copy of the MS., and by permission mailed it to
Prof. C. Piazzi Smyth, who is generally accorded a greater knowledge
of the Great Pyramid's construction and measurements than any
other man in the world, requesting that he examine the MS. carefully
and note upon it any criticism he might have to offer in the interest
of the truth. The Professor's answer to that letter, together
with the MS. copy sent him, which bore his marks of criticism,
when received were sent to the author. We thank Bro. Wright and
Prof. Smyth for their kindness, and have followed the corrections
indicated; which, however, only three in all, we were pleased
to note were not of special importance. Only one of the criticisms
was upon measurements, and it showed a variance of only one inch,
which we gladly corrected.
it might be interesting to our readers we give below
Prof. C. Piazzi Smyth's Letter
Clova, Ripon, England, Dec. 21, 1890 Wm. M. Wright,
Sir: I have been rather longer than I could have wished in
looking over the MS. of your friend, C. T. Russell of Allegheny,
Pa., but I have now completed a pretty careful examination,
word by word. And that was the least I could do, when you
so kindly took the pains to send it with such care between
boards by registered parcel, with every page flat, and
indited by the typewriter in place of the hand.
first I could only find slips of the said typewriter, but as I
progressed through the pages, the powers, the specialties and
the originalities of the Author came out magnificently;
and there were not a few passages I should have been glad
to take a copy of for quotation, with name, in the next
possible edition of my own Pyramid book. But of course
I did nothing of that sort, and shall wait with perfect patience
and in most thankful mood of mind for when the author of
Scripture Studies shall choose his own time for publishing.
So I merely remark here that he is both good and new in
much that he says on the chronology of various parts of
the Pyramid, especially the First Ascending Passage and
its granite plug; on the Grand Gallery, as illustrating the
Lord's life; on the parallelisms between the King's Chamber
and its granite, against the Tabernacle and its gold; and
generally on the confirmations or close agreements between
Scripture and the Great Pyramid, well commented on.
the meanwhile, it seems that I am indebted to you for your kind
gift of long ago of the first two volumes of Scripture Studies.
I did not at the time get further than the first half of
the first volume, finding the matter, as I thought, not
quite so new as I had expected. But after having profited,
as I hope, so much by a thorough reading of this advanced
pyramid chapter of the third volume, I must take up the first
two volumes again, de novo.
parcel will go back between its boards, registered. I remain,
with many thanks,
C. Piazzi Smyth
TESTIMONY OF GOD'S STONE WITNESS
AND PROPHET, THE GREAT PYRAMID IN EGYPT
General Description of the Great Pyramid--Why of Special Interest
to Christians--The Great Pyramid a Storehouse of Truth--Scientific,
Historic and Prophetic--Bible Allusions to It--Why, When and
by Whom Built--Importance of Its Location--Its Scientific Lessons--Its
Testimony Concerning the Plan of Redemption--The Plan of the
Ages--The Death and the Resurrection of Christ Indicated--The
Downward Course of the World, Ending in a Great Time of Trouble--
The Nature of the Trouble--The Great Reformation Movement Marked--Length
of the Jewish Age Indicated--The "High Calling" of
the Gospel Church Shown--The Course of the Church's Consecration
--The End of the High Calling Marked--Date of the Second Advent
of Christ--How Restitution Blessings for the World are Indicated
--The Course of the World During the Millennial Age--Its End--Contrast
of the Two Conditions, Human and Spiritual, as Indicated in
the Pyramid--The Pyramid Refutes Atheism, Infidelity and all
Evolution Theories, and Verifies both the Plan of the Bible
and Its Appointed Times and Seasons.
that day shall there be an altar to the Lord in the midst of the
land of Egypt and a pillar at the border thereof to the Lord.
And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the Lord of
hosts in the land of Egypt." `Isa.
19:19,20` THE ancients recounted seven wonders of the world,
and at the very head of the list named the Great Pyramid of Gizeh.
It is situated in Egypt, not far from the present city of Cairo.
No other building in the world equals it in size. One of the leading
granite men of this country, who made a personal inspection of
the Great Pyramid, says: "There are blocks of stone in the
Pyramid which weigh three or four times as much as one of the
obelisks. I saw a stone whose
<PAGE 314> estimated weight was 880 tons.
There are stones in it thirty feet in length which fit so closely
together that you may run a penknife over the surface without
discovering the breaks between them. They are not laid with mortar,
either. There is now no machinery so perfect that it will make
two surfaces thirty feet in length which will meet together as
these wonderful stones in the Great Pyramid meet." It covers
an area of about thirteen acres. It is 486 feet high and 764 feet
broad at its base. It is estimated that the Great Pyramid weighs
six million tons, and that to remove it would require six thousand
steam engines, each drawing one thousand tons. In fact, the wealth
of Egypt is not sufficient to pay laborers to demolish it. From
these facts it is evident that, whoever was its great designer,
he intended that it should be an enduring monument.
from whatever standpoint we please, the Great Pyramid is certainly
the most remarkable building in the world; but in the light of
an investigation which has been in progress for the past thirty-two
years, it acquires new interest to every Christian advanced in
the study of God's Word; for it seems in a remarkable manner to
teach, in harmony with all the prophets, an outline of the plan
of God, past, present and future.
should be remembered that, aside from the Great Pyramid here referred
to, there are others, some of stone and some of brick; but all
of them are mere attempts to copy it, and are in every way inferior--in
size, accuracy and internal arrangement. And it has also been
demonstrated that, unlike the Great Pyramid, they contain no symbolic
features, but were evidently designed and used as sepulchers for
the royal families of Egypt.
Great Pyramid, however, proves to be a storehouse of important
truth--scientific, historic and prophetic--and its testimony is
found to be in perfect accord with the Bible,
<PAGE 315> expressing the prominent features
of its truths in beautiful and fitting symbols. It is by no means
an addition to the written revelation: that revelation is complete
and perfect, and needs no addition. But it is a strong corroborative
witness to God's plan; and few students can carefully examine
it, marking the harmony of its testimony with that of the written
Word, without feeling impressed that its construction was planned
and directed by the same divine wisdom, and that it is the pillar
of witness referred to by the prophet in the above quotation.
it was built under God's direction, to be one of his witnesses
to men, we might reasonably expect some allusion to it in the
written Word of God. And yet, since it was evidently a part of
God's purpose to keep secret, until the Time of the End, features
of the plan of which it gives testimony, we should expect that
any reference to it in the Scriptures would be, as it is, somewhat
under cover--to be recognized only when due to be understood.
as above quoted, testifies of an altar and pillar in the land
of Egypt, which "shall be for a sign and for a witness
unto the Lord of hosts in the land of Egypt." And the context
shows that it shall be a witness in the day when the great
Savior and Deliverer shall come to break the chains of oppression
and to set at liberty Sin's captives--of which things our Lord
preached at his first advent. (`Luke 4:18`)
The scope of this prophecy is but dimly seen, however, until Egypt
is recognized as a symbol or type of the world of mankind, full
of vain philosophies, which only darken their understandings,
but ignorant of the true light. As Israel typified the world which
shall be delivered from the bondage of Sin by the great antitype
of Moses, and whose sin-offering has been given by the antitype
of Aaron, so Egypt represents the empire of Sin, the dominion
of death (`Heb. 2:14`), which for
so long has held in chains of slavery many who will be glad to
<PAGE 316> go forth to serve the Lord under
the leadership of one like unto but greater than Moses.
many passages of Scripture the symbolic character of Egypt is
indicated; for instance, `Hosea 11:1` and
`Matt. 2:13-15`. Here, aside from the fact that our Lord
as a babe was for a time actually in the land of Egypt, and Israel
also for a time actually in Egypt, there is evidently a typical
significance as well. The Son of God was in the world for a time
for the sake of those he came to redeem and deliver; but he was
called out of it--Egypt--to the higher, divine nature. Likewise
those who are called to be his brethren and joint-heirs, the "members
of his body," the true Israel of God, are called out of Egypt;
and the Master testifies, "They are not of this world, even
as I am not of this world."
(31:1,3)`, referring to the great trouble now impending, says,
"Woe unto them that go down to Egypt [to the world] for help
[for worldly ideas and plans, and for counsel as to how they should
act in the crisis of this great day]; and stay on horses [who
endeavor still to ride the old, false doctrinal hobbies], and
trust in chariots [worldly organizations] because they are many;
and in horsemen [the great leaders in false doctrines] because
they are very strong; but who look not unto the Holy One of Israel,
neither seek the Lord [for the safety and victory in this day
of trouble will not be with the multitude]!...Now the Egyptians
are men, and not God, and their horses flesh, and not spirit.
When the Lord shall stretch out his hand [his power--the power
of the truth and other agencies--as he will do shortly], both
he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is helped [by the powers
of Egypt--the world's ideas] shall fall down, and they all shall
will be after all human plans and schemes have failed them, and
when men shall have learned their own sinfulness and helplessness,
that they will begin to cry unto the
<PAGE 317> Lord for help. Then Jehovah will
show himself a great Savior; and he has already prepared the Great
Pyramid as a part of his instrumentality for convincing the world
of his wisdom, foreknowledge and grace. "It shall be for
a sign and for a witness unto the Lord of hosts [a witness to
his foreknowledge and to his gracious plan of salvation, as we
shall presently see] in the land of Egypt: for they [the Egyptians
--the poor world, during the great time of trouble coming] shall
cry unto the Lord because of the oppressors, and he shall send
them a Savior, and a great one; and he shall deliver them. And
the Lord shall be known to Egypt [the world], and the Egyptians
shall know the Lord in that day [in the Millennial
day--at the close of the time of trouble], and shall do service
with sacrifice and oblation: yea, they shall make vows unto the
Lord and perform them. But the Lord shall smite Egypt [the world--in
the great time of trouble just at hand]. He shall smite and heal
it. And they shall return unto the Lord, and he shall be entreated
of them, and shall heal them." `Isa.
the additional, corroborative evidence given by the Great Pyramid
to the written Word of God will be a fresh cause of rejoicing
to the saints, it is manifest that its witnessing is chiefly intended
for the world of mankind during the Millennial age. The testimony
of this peculiar and remarkable witness will give to mankind fresh
ground for faith and love and zeal, when in due time their hearts
are prepared for the truth. It is remarkable, too, that (like
the Plan of the Ages in the written Word) this stone "Witness"
kept silence until now, when its testimony shall shortly be delivered
to (Egypt) the world. But the saints, the friends of God from
whom he will hide nothing, are privileged to hear the testimony
of this witness now, before the worldly mind is ready to appreciate
its testimonies. Only when ready to obey the Lord can any appreciate
(32:20)`, when speaking of God's mighty works, declares that he
hath "set signs and wonders in the land of
Egypt, even unto this day." God showed signs and wonders
in Egypt when he brought Israel out in triumph; but he also "set
signs and wonders" there, which remain "even unto this
[our] day." The Great Pyramid, we believe, is the principal
one of these very signs and wonders; and it now begins to speak
to scientists in their own language, and through them to all men.
Lord's questions and statements to `Job
(38:3-7)`, concerning the earth, find a remarkable illustration
in the Great Pyramid, which is believed, in itself and by its
measurements, to represent the earth and God's plan with reference
to it. The illustration used is that of a building, and we believe
that it fits only to a structure of pyramid shape. The language,
while it applies primarily to the earth, is framed to fit the
illustration given in the Great Pyramid. First, the preparation
of the foundation, the rock on which the Great Pyramid is built,
is noted. Second, the arrangement of its measures, a feature very
prominently shown in the Great Pyramid, which abounds in significant
measurements. "Who hath stretched the line upon it?"
The perfection of the shape of the Great Pyramid, and its exactness
in every respect, prove that its construction was guided by some
master architect. "Whereupon are the sockets thereof made
to sink?" The Great Pyramid has four corner socket-stones
sunk into the solid rock. "Or who laid the corner-stone thereof?"
A pyramid has five corner-stones, but the reference here is to
one particular corner-stone--the top stone. The four sunk as socket-stones
into the rock have already been referred to, and the remaining
one is the top corner-stone. This is the most remarkable stone
in the structure-- itself a perfect pyramid, the lines in the
entire structure conform to it. The question, therefore, with
reference to it is significant,
<PAGE 319> and calls attention to its peculiar
fitness, and the wisdom and skill which prepared and placed it
as the top stone.
ancient structure being thus repeatedly referred to in the Scriptures,
we cannot doubt that, if questioned, this "Witness"
of the Lord in the land of Egypt will bear such testimony as will
honor Jehovah, and fully correspond with his written Word. We
thus introduce this "Witness" because the inspiration
of its testimony will doubtless be as much disputed as that of
the Scriptures, by the prince of darkness, the god of this world,
and those whom he blinds to the truth.
Why, When and by Whom
was the Great Pyramid Built?
question has been much discussed of late years, from both scientific
and Scriptural standpoints. For thousands of years no satisfactory
answer to the question was discovered. The old theory that it
was built as a vault or tomb for an Egyptian king is unworthy
of credence; for, as we shall see, it required more than the wisdom
of the present day, to say nothing of that of Egypt four thousand
years ago, to design such a structure. Besides, it contains nothing
in the way of casket, mummy or inscription. It was not until we
had come into the time called in Daniel's prophecy "the Time
of the End," when knowledge should be increased, and the
wise should understand God's plan (`Dan.
12:4,9,10`), that the secrets of the Great Pyramid began
to be understood, and our questions began to have a reasonable
first work of importance on the subject, proving that the Great
Pyramid possessed scientific features, was by Mr. John
Taylor, of England, A.D. 1859, since which time the attention
of many able minds has been given to the further study of the
testimony of this wonderful "Witness"; especially
<PAGE 320> since Prof. Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer-Royal
for Scotland, visited it, for several months made its peculiarities
a study and gave to the world the remarkable facts of its construction
and measurements, and his conclusions therefrom. To his scholarly
and scientific work, "Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid,"
we are mainly indebted for the data made use of in this chapter.
Our illustrations are copies of a few of the twenty-five plates
with which the latest edition of that work is embellished.
few years after Prof. Smyth's return, came the suggestion that
the Great Pyramid is Jehovah's "Witness," and that it
is as important a witness to divine truth as to natural science.
This was a new thought to Prof. Smyth, as well as to others. The
suggestion came from a young Scotsman, Robert Menzies, who, when
studying the scientific teachings of the Great Pyramid, discovered
that prophetic and chronological teachings coexist in it.
it became apparent that the object of its construction was to
provide in it a record of the divine plan of salvation, no less
than the record of divine wisdom relating to astronomical, chronological,
geometrical, and other important truths. However, not having discerned
the scope and completeness of the plan of salvation revealed in
the Scriptures, these gentlemen have thus far failed to note the
most wonderful and beautiful features of the Great Pyramid's testimony
in this direction, which we now find to be a most full and complete
corroboration of the plan of the ages and the times and seasons
therewith associated, as taught in the Scriptures and presented
in this and the preceding volumes of the Scripture Studies series.
And, further, we see that this storehouse of knowledge, like the
major part of the Bible store, was kept purposely sealed until
its testimony should be needed and appreciated. Does this imply
that its great Architect knew that a time would come when its
<PAGE 321> would be necessary? In other words,
that a time would come when God's written Word would be lightly
esteemed, and even his very existence questioned? when human philosophy,
under the name of science, would be lauded and every proposition
subjected to its tests? Has God decided to prove himself and his
wisdom by those very tests? So it would appear. This structure
will yet confound the wisdom of the wise as a "Witness"
for the Lord of hosts--"IN THAT DAY"--which is already
Smyth has concluded that the Great Pyramid was built in the year
2170 B.C., reaching this conclusion, first, from astronomical
observations. Perceiving that the upward passage angles correspond
to a telescope, and that the "Entrance Passage" corresponds
to an astronomer's "pointer," he set about to investigate
to what particular star it could have pointed at any time in the
past. Calculations showed that a Draconis, the dragon-star,
had occupied a position in the heavens which looked directly down
the entrance, at midnight of the autumnal equinox, B.C. 2170.
Then, considering himself as an astronomer at that date, with
his pointer fixed upon a Draconis, and considering the
ascending passages as though they were a telescope, which they
much resemble, he calculated what constellation or what notable
star would have been before his telescope thus fixed at the particular
date indicated by his pointer, and found that it must have been
the Pleiades. So wonderful a coincidence convinced him that the
date of the Great Pyramid's building was thus indicated; for a
Draconis is no less a symbol of sin and Satan than Pleiades
is a symbol of God and the center of the universe. The Great Pyramid
thus indicates that its Architect knew of the prevalence of evil
and of its domination over the downward course of mankind, and
indicates also what lies beyond all human sight--that the only
hope for the race is in Jehovah.
conclusion of Prof. Smyth's as to the date of the Great Pyramid's
building, was most abundantly corroborated, later, by certain
measurements by which the Great Pyramid indicates its own date
of construction. A realization of the fact that the Great Pyramid
exhibits a wisdom of design which the Egyptians could not have
possessed--a divine wisdom which must have been worked out under
the supervision of some inspired servant of God--has led to the
conjecture that Melchizedek was its builder. He was "king
of Salem [that is, king of peace] and priest of the Most High
God," and as a person and type occupied so high a position
as to be a blesser of Abraham, who also paid him tithes. Of this
we can know little, except that Melchizedek was a great and peaceful
king, and that he lived about that time, and not far distant from
the site of the Great Pyramid.
is conjectured that Melchizedek, though not himself an Egyptian,
used Egyptian labor for the construction of the Great Pyramid.
And to some extent the traditions of Egypt support such a theory.
They reveal the fact that Egypt had a peculiar invasion about
this date by a people whom tradition merely denominates Hyksos
(i.e., Shepherd Kings or Peaceful Kings). These invaders seem
not to have attempted to disturb the general government of Egypt,
and, after staying a time for some purpose not recognized by the
tradition, they left Egypt as peacefully as they had come. These
Hyksos or Peaceful Kings are supposed to include Melchizedek,
and are assumed to have been the builders of the Great Pyramid--God's
altar and "Witness" in the land of Egypt.
an Egyptian priest and scribe, is quoted by Josephus and others
as saying: "We had formerly a king whose name was Timaus.
In his time it came to pass, I know not how, that the deity was
displeased with us; and there came up from the East, in a strange
manner, men of ignoble
<PAGE 323> SITSV3SA.G01 SITSV3SA.G02
<PAGE 325> race [not warriors], Hyksos,
who had the confidence to invade our country and easily subdue
it by their power without a battle. And when they had our rulers
in their hands, they demolished the temples of the gods."
Its Peculiar Location
Great Pyramid is situated on an elevated rocky plain, overlooking
the river Nile, not far from the city of Cairo, in Egypt. A remarkable
thing in connection with its situation is, that the delta of the
Nile forms a seacoast which in shape is a true quarter circle,
with the Great Pyramid marking the inner angle.
relationship of the Great Pyramid to the coast was discovered
by Mr. Henry Mitchell, Chief Hydrographer of the United States
Coast Survey, who visited Egypt in 1868 to report the progress
of the Suez Canal. His observation of the regularity of the curvature
along the whole of Egypt's northern coast led him to conclude
that some central point of physical origination was indicated.
On searching for this grand center, he found it marked by the
Great Pyramid, which led him to exclaim: "That monument stands
in a more important physical situation than any other building
erected by man."
line drawn from the entrance passage due north would pass through
the northernmost point of Egypt's coast; and lines drawn in continuation
of the northeast and northwest diagonals of the structure would
enclose the delta's either side, thus embracing the fan-shaped
country of Lower Egypt. (See illustration, page 323.) Built upon
the northernmost edge of the Gizeh cliff, and looking out over
this sector, or open fan-shaped land of Lower Egypt, it may be
truly said to be at the very border thereof, as well as in its
nominal center, as described by the prophet Isaiah. "In that
day shall there be an altar to the Lord in the midst of
<PAGE 326> of Egypt, and a pillar [pyramid]
at the border thereof, to the Lord. And it shall be for
a sign and for a witness unto the Lord of hosts in the land of
Egypt." Another fact worthy of notice is that the Great Pyramid
is located in the geographical center of the land surface of the
world--including North and South America, unknown for centuries
after the location and construction of the Great Pyramid.
Its Scientific Lessons
Great Pyramid speaks to us, not by hieroglyphics, nor by sketches,
but only by its location, its construction and its measurements.
The only original marks or figures found were in the "Construction
Chambers" over the "King's Chamber"; there are
none whatever in the passages and rooms of the Pyramid proper.
The scientific lessons of the Great Pyramid we omit for economy
of space, because not one in a hundred ordinary readers would
understand the scientific terms, so as to appreciate the demonstrations,
and especially because they would be no part of the gospel which
it is our mission to present. Suffice it, therefore, that we merely
suggest the manner in which it teaches the scientist. For
instance: The measure of the base of the four sides, at the level
of the "sockets," added, is found to be as many pyramid
cubits as there are days in four years, to the fraction --including
the leap year fraction. The measures diagonally across the base
from northeast to southwest, and from northwest to southeast,
added, give as many inches as there are years in the precessional
cycle. This cycle astronomers had already concluded to be 25,827
years, and the Great Pyramid corroborates their conclusion. The
distance to the sun it is claimed is indicated, by the height
and angle of the Great Pyramid, to be 91,840,270 miles, which
almost exactly corresponds with the latest figures reached by
astronomers. Astronomers until recently had calculated this distance
to be from ninety to ninety-six millions of miles,
<PAGE 327> their latest calculation and conclusion
being ninety-two millions. The Great Pyramid has also its own
way of indicating the most correct standard of all weights and
measures, based upon the size and weight of the earth, which it
is also claimed to indicate.
upon the scientific testimony and the location of this majestic
"Witness," Rev. Joseph Seiss, D.D. suggests:
is a yet grander thought embodied in this wonderful structure.
Of its five points there is one of special pre-eminence, in which
all its sides and exterior lines terminate. It is the summit corner,
which lifts its solemn index finger to the sun at midday, and
by its distance from the base tells the mean distance to that
sun from the earth. And if we go back to the date which the Pyramid
gives itself and look for what that finger pointed to at midnight,
we find a far sublimer indication. Science has at last discovered
that the sun is not a dead center, with planets wheeling about
it, and itself stationary. It is now ascertained that the sun
also is in motion, carrying with it its splendid retinue of comets,
planets, its satellites and theirs, around some other and vastly
mightier center. Astronomers are not yet fully agreed as to what
or where that center is. Some, however, believe that they have
found the direction of it to be the Pleiades, and particularly
Alcyone, the central one of the renowned Pleiadic stars. To the
distinguished German astronomer, Prof. J. H. Maedler, belongs
the honor of having made this discovery. Alcyone, then, as far
as science has been able to perceive, would seem to be 'the midnight
throne' in which the whole system of gravitation has its central
seat, and from which the Almighty governs his universe. And here
is the wonderful corresponding fact, that at the date of the Great
Pyramid's building, at midnight of the autumnal equinox, and hence
the true beginning of the year* as still preserved in the traditions
of many nations, the Pleiades ---------- *The beginning of the
Jewish year, introduced by the Day of Atonement, as shown in Scripture
Studies, Vol. II.
<PAGE 328> were distributed over the meridian
of this Pyramid, with Alcyone (A Tauri) precisely on the
line. Here, then, is a pointing of the highest and sublimest character
that mere human science has ever been able so much as to hint,
and which would seem to breathe an unsuspected and mighty meaning
into that speech of God to Job, when he demanded, 'Canst thou
bind the sweet influences of Pleiades?'"
Its Testimony Relating to the Plan of Redemption
every feature of the Great Pyramid's teaching is important and
of interest, our greatest interest centers in its silent but eloquent
symbolism of the plan of God--the Plan of the Ages. It would be
impossible, however, to understand God's plan as illustrated by
it, had we not first discovered that plan in the Bible. But having
seen it portrayed there, it is strengthening to faith to see it
again so beautifully outlined here; and to notice, further, that
both the truths of Nature and the truths of Revelation are owned
and testified to by the same great Author in this wonderful stone
this aspect of its teaching, the Great Pyramid, viewed from without,
has a beautiful significance, representing the plan of God completed,
as it shall be at the end of the Millennial age. The crowning
feature will be Christ, the acknowledged Head over all; and each
other stone will be fitly framed into the glorious building, complete
and perfect. All this chiseling, polishing and fitting process
will then be completed, and all will be bound and cemented together,
to each other and to the Head, with love. If the Great Pyramid,
as a whole, represents the plan of God complete, its top corner-stone
should represent Christ, whom God hath highly exalted to be Head
over all. And that it does represent Christ is indicated, not
only by its exact fitness as a symbol of Christ,* but also by
numerous references ---------- *See Vol. I, Chap. v; also the
Chart of the Ages, Vol. I, x,y,z,W.
<PAGE 329> to the symbol by prophets and apostles
and by our Lord Jesus himself.
(28:16)` refers to Christ as the "precious corner-stone."
`Zechariah (4:7)` refers to its
placement at the top of the completed edifice, with great rejoicing,
saying, "He shall bring forth the head-stone thereof with
shoutings, crying, 'Grace, grace unto it.'" Doubtless when
the head-stone of the Great Pyramid was laid there was great rejoicing
among the builders and all interested in it, to see this crowning
feature of the finished work. Job also (`38:6,7`)
speaks of the rejoicing when the chief corner-stone was laid,
and he specifies the head, or crowning corner-stone, by mentioning
the other four corner-stones first, saying, "Whereupon are
the socket-stones made to sink? or who laid the corner-stone thereof,
when the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted
for joy?" (See margin.) The Prophet David, too, refers to
our Lord, and uses a figure of speech exactly corresponding to
that of this stone "Witness" of Egypt. He says, prophetically,
from the standpoint of the future, "The stone which the builders
rejected is become the head-corner-stone. This is Jehovah's doing.
It is marvelous in our eyes. This is the day [the Millennial day
of Christ's glory as the Head and Ruler of the world] which Jehovah
hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it." (`Psa.
118:22-24`) Fleshly Israel failed to accept Christ as their
head-stone, and hence were rejected from being the special house
of God--Spiritual Israel instead being built up into Christ the
Head. And we remember that our Lord
applied this very prophecy to himself, and showed that he was
the rejected stone, and that Israel, through their builders, the
priests and Pharisees, were the rejecters.
`Matt. 21:42,44`; `Acts 4:11`
perfectly the head-stone of the Great Pyramid illustrates all
this! The head-stone, being first finished, would serve the workmen
as a pattern or model for the whole
<PAGE 330> structure, whose angles and proportions
must all be conformed to it. But we can readily imagine that,
before this top-stone was recognized as a pattern for the whole
structure, it would be rejected, set at naught, by the builders,
some of whom could think of no place suitable for it; its five
sides, five corners and sixteen different angles making it unsuitable
to the structure until the very top-stone was needed, and then
no other stone would do. During all the years in which the building
work progressed, this Chief Corner-stone would be a "stone
of stumbling" and a "rock of offense" to those
not acquainted with its use and place; just as Christ is, and
will continue to be, to many, until they have seen him exalted
as the Head-Corner-Stone of God's plan.
pyramid figure represents perfection and completeness, and speaks
to us in symbol of the plan of God, showing that "in the
dispensation of the fulness of times, he will gather together
[into one harmonious family, though on different planes of being],
under one Head, all things in heaven and on earth, under Christ"--all
not being conformable being cut off. `Eph.
How the Internal Construction of the
Great Pyramid Outlines the Plan of Redemption
while the outward testimony of this great structure is thus complete,
and in accord with God's written revelation, its inner construction
is even more wonderful. While its outward form illustrates the
completed results of God's Plan of Redemption,* the inner construction
marks and illustrates every prominent feature of that plan as
it has developed from age to age, down to its glorious and complete
consummation. Here the stones upon the various levels or planes
represent the perfection of all who, under Christ ---------- *See
the Chart of the Ages in Vol. I.
<PAGE 331> Jesus our Head, shall become conformed
to God's perfect will, as we have already seen from Scripture
testimony. Some will be perfected on the human plane and some
on the spiritual and divine planes or natures. Thus the floor
of the "King's Chamber" is described as being on the
fiftieth course of masonry, that of the "Queen's Chamber"
on the twenty-fifth course, and the lower end of the "First
Ascending Passage," if extended by the "Plug,"
as will presently be shown, would reach down to the basal line
of the Pyramid. Thus from its base-line upward the Great Pyramid
seems to stand as an emblem of God's plan of salvation, or lifting
up out of sin and death, provided for all mankind. The base-line
thus corresponds with the date of the confirmation of God's promise
to typical Israel--the beginning of the uplifting or saving process.
careful study of the accompanying diagram, showing the interior
arrangement of this wonderful structure, is suggested. The Great
Pyramid has but one proper "Entrance Passage." This
passage is regular, but low and slanting, and leads down to a
little room or "Subterranean Chamber," cut in the rock.
This room is of peculiar construction, the ceiling being well
finished, while the sides are only commenced and the bottom is
rough and unfinished. This to some minds has suggested the thought,
"bottomless pit," which term is used in the Scriptures
to represent disaster, oblivion and extinction. This "Entrance
Passage" fitly represents the present downward course of
mankind toward destruction; while the "Subterranean Chamber,"
by its peculiar construction, illustrates the great trouble, disaster,
destruction, the "wages of sin," to which the downward
"First Ascending Passage" is of about the same size
as the "Entrance Passage," from which it branches off.
It is small, low and difficult of ascent, but opens at its upper
end into a large, elegant hallway, called the "Grand Gallery,"
<PAGE 332> the ceiling of which is at seven
times the height of the passages leading to it. The low "Ascending
Passage" is supposed to represent the Law dispensation, and
Israel as a nation, from the going out of Egypt. There they left
the nations of the world and their downward course, to be God's
holy nation and under his law--proposing thenceforth to walk an
upward and more difficult path than that of the heathen world,
viz., to keep the Law. The "Grand Gallery" is understood
to represent the period of the Gospel call--still upward and difficult,
but not hampered as that behind it. The loftiness and greater
width of this passageway well represent the grander hopes and
greater liberties of the Christian dispensation.
a level with the floor of the "Grand Gallery" at its
lower end, there starts a "Horizontal Passage" under
it, which leads to a little room commonly termed the "Queen's
Chamber." At the upper end of the "Grand Gallery"
is another low passageway, leading into a little room called the
"Ante-Chamber" which is of very peculiar construction,
and which to some has suggested the idea of a school--a place
for instruction and testing.
the chief room of the Great Pyramid, for both size and importance
of location, is a little farther along, and separated from the
"Ante-Chamber" by another low passageway. This room
is known as the "King's Chamber." Over it are a number
of small apartments called "Construction Chambers."
The significance of these, if they have any significance, relates
not to man, nor to any other creature which walks, but to spirit
beings; for it will be observed from the diagram that though the
sides and the top are squared and finished, there is no floor
surface to any of them. The "King's Chamber" contains
a "Coffer" or stone box, the only piece of furniture
found in the Great Pyramid. Ventilation is provided in the "King's
<PAGE 333> SITSV3SA.G03
<PAGE 335> two air-passages which pierce its
walls on opposite sides and extend to the outer surface--left
for this purpose by the builders. It has been speculated by some
that there are yet other rooms and passages for future discovery;
but we do not share this opinion; to us it seems that the passages
and rooms already discovered fully serve the divinely intended
purpose in witnessing to the entire plan of God.
the west side of the lower or north end of the "Grand Gallery,"
extending downward, there is an irregular passage called the "Well,"
leading into the descending "Entrance Passage." Its
route passes through a grotto in the natural rock. The connection
between this passage and the "Grand Gallery" is very
disordered. It would appear that originally the passageway into
the "Queen's Chamber" had been concealed, being covered
by the flooring slabs of the "Grand Gallery"; and also
that a stone slab covered the mouth of the "Well." But
now the whole lower end of the "Grand Gallery" is torn
away, opening the passage to the "Queen's Chamber,"
and leaving the "Well" open. Those who have been there
and who have examined it say that it looks as though an explosion
had taken place at the mouth of the "Well," bursting
it open from beneath. It is our opinion, however, that no such
explosion ever occurred; but that things were left by the builders
as they are, purposely, to indicate the same thing that would
be indicated by the supposed explosion, which will be referred
to later. As a matter of fact, none of these stones are now to
be found, and it would have been very difficult to remove them.
the upper or south end of the "Grand Gallery," the floor-line
of the "Ante-Chamber" and the "King's Chamber"
extends into the "Grand Gallery," forming an abrupt
barrier, or high step at its upper end. This step projects from
the south wall sixty-one inches. This south end wall of the "Grand
Gallery" has a peculiarity also: it is not vertical, but
<PAGE 336> northward--at the top 20 inches*--and
at its very top there is an opening or passageway connecting with
the so-called "Construction Chambers" over the "King's
passageways and floors of the Pyramid are of limestone, as indeed
is the entire structure, except in the "King's Chamber,"
the "Ante-Chamber" and the passage between them, where
the floors and ceilings are of granite. The only piece of granite
elsewhere in the structure is the granite "Plug," which
is tightly wedged in the lower end of the "First Ascending
Passage." As originally left by the builders, the "First
Ascending Passage" was sealed with a close-fitting angular
stone at its lower end, where it connects with the "Entrance
Passage"; and this was so neatly done that the "First
Ascending Passage" was unknown until, in "due time,"
the stone fell. Close to the lower end of this "First Ascending
Passage," and just behind the sealing stone, was the granite
"Plug," made slightly wedge-shaped, and evidently intended
to remain there, as it has thus far resisted all efforts to remove
the "Entrance Passage" was well known to the ancients,
as attested by historians, yet Al Mamoun, an Arabian Caliph, was
evidently ignorant of its exact situation, except that tradition
located it on the north side of the Pyramid, when, in A.D. 825,
at great expense he forced an entrance, as shown on the diagram,
in the hope of finding wonderful treasures. But though it contained
vast intellectual treasures, now being appreciated, it contained
none of the kind sought by the Arabs. Their labor, however, was
not wholly in vain; for, while they worked the stone which sealed
the upward passage jarred from its position, fell into the "Entrance
Passage" and told the secret, thus disclosing the "First
Ascending Passage." The Arabs supposed ---------- *Dr. J.
<PAGE 337> that they had at last found the
way to secreted wealth, and, unable to remove the granite "Plug,"
they forced a passage along-side quarrying much more easily the
The Great Pyramid's Testimony
Concerning the Plan of the Ages
a letter to Prof. Smyth, Mr. Robert Menzies, the young Scotsman
who first suggested the religious or Messianic feature of the
Great Pyramid's teaching, said:
the north beginning of the Grand Gallery, in upward progression,
begin the years of our Savior's life, expressed at the rate of
an inch to a year. Three and thirty inch-years, therefore, bring
us right over against the mouth of the Well."
that "Well" is the key, so to speak, to the whole story.
It represents not only our Lord's death and burial, but also his
resurrection. This last is shown by the feature already noted,
that the mouth of the "Well" and its surroundings look
as though an explosion had burst it open from beneath.
Thus our Lord burst the bonds of death, thereby bringing life
and immortality to light--opening up a new way to life. (`Heb.
10:20`) It was not possible for him to be holden of death
(`Acts 2:24`), is the seeming language
of the torn rocks surrounding the upper opening of this "Well."
As the "Well" was the only way of access to each of
these upward passages of the Great Pyramid, so by the death and
resurrection of our Redeemer is the only avenue to life on any
plane for the fallen race. As the "First Ascending Passage"
was there, but impassable, so the Jewish or Law Covenant stood
as a way to or offer of life, but a useless or impassable way
to life: none of the fallen race ever could or ever did reach
life by walking its prescribed course. "By the deeds of the
law shall no flesh be justified" to life. (`Rom.
<PAGE 338> which the "Well" symbolizes,
viz., the ransom, is the only way by which any member of
the condemned race can reach the grand provision of the divine
before this suggestion, that the "Grand Gallery" represents
the Christian dispensation, Prof. Smyth had, by astronomical observation,
fixed the date of the building of the Pyramid at B.C. 2170; and
when Mr. Menzies suggested that the floor-line inches of the "Grand
Gallery" represent years, it occurred to some one that, if
that theory were true, the measuring of the floor-line backward
from the lower edge of the "Grand Gallery," down the
"First Ascending Passage" to its junction with the "Entrance
Passage" and thence upward along the "Entrance Passage"
toward the Pyramid's entrance, should discover some mark or indication
in the passageway to correspond, and thus prove the date
of the Pyramid's construction, and the correctness of the inch-year
theory. This, though not unreasonable, was a crucial test, and
the service of a civil engineer was obtained to visit the Great
Pyramid again and make very accurate measurements of passages,
chambers, etc. This was in 1872; and the report of this gentleman
was confirmatory to the last degree. His measurements show the
floor-line just described to be 2170 1/2 inches to a very finely
ruled line in the walls of the "Entrance Passage."
Thus the date of its construction is doubly attested, while the
floor-lines of its passages are shown to be scrolls of history
and chronology, which shall yet be generally heard as "a
witness unto the Lord in the land of Egypt."
thanks to the very accurate measurements of all the passages,
furnished by Prof. Smyth, we are enabled to reach what to us are
by far the most interesting features of the testimony of this
"Witness" yet delivered.
we first came to appreciate what we have already mentioned of
the testimony of the Great Pyramid, we said
<PAGE 339> SITSV3SA.G04 SITSV3SA.G05
<PAGE 341> at once, If this, indeed, prove
to be a Bible in stone; if it be a record of the secret plans
of the Great Architect of the universe, displaying his foreknowledge
and wisdom; it should and will be in full accord
with his written Word. The fact that the Pyramid's secrets were
kept until the close of six thousand years of the world's history,
but that it now begins to give its testimony as the Millennial
Dawn draws on, is in perfect harmony with the written Word, whose
abundant testimony relative to the glorious plan of God has likewise
been kept secret from the foundation of the world, and only now
is beginning to shine forth in its completeness and glory.
have already presented, in previous volumes, and in previous chapters
of this volume, the clear testimony of the written Word, showing
that we stand on the threshold of a new age--that the Millennial
Day is dawning, with its change of earth's rulership from the
control of the "prince of this world" and his faithful,
to the control of him "whose right it is" (by purchase)
and his faithful saints. We have seen that though the result of
this change will be a great blessing, yet the time of the transfer,
while the present prince, the "strong man" is being
bound and his household driven out of power (`Matt.
12:29`; `Rev. 20:2`),
will be a time of intense trouble. The Scriptural time-proofs
which we have considered show that this trouble was due to date
from the time of Christ's second advent (October, 1874), when
the judging of the nations would commence, under the enlightening
influences of the Day of the Lord. This is shown in the Great
"Descending Passage," from the entrance of the Great
Pyramid, leading to the "Pit" or "Subterranean
Chamber," represents the course of the world in general (under
the prince of this world), into the great time of trouble (the
"Pit"), in which evil shall be brought to an end.
<PAGE 342> The measuring of this period and
determining when the pit of trouble shall be reached are easy
enough if we have a definite date--a point in the Pyramid from
which to start. We have this date-mark in the junction of the
"First Ascending Passage" with the "Grand Gallery."
That point marks the birth of our Lord Jesus, as the "Well,"
33 inches farther on, indicates his death. So, then, if we measure
backward down the "First Ascending Passage" to its junction
with the "Entrance Passage," we shall have a fixed date
to mark upon the downward passage. This measure is 1542 inches,
and indicates the year B.C. 1542, as the date at that point. Then
measuring down the "Entrance Passage" from that
point, to find the distance to the entrance of the "Pit,"
representing the great trouble and destruction with which this
age is to close, when evil will be overthrown from power, we find
it to be 3457 inches, symbolizing 3457 years from the above date,
B.C. 1542. This calculation shows A.D. 1915 as marking the beginning
of the period of trouble; for 1542 years B.C. plus 1915 years
A.D. equals 3457 years. Thus the Pyramid witnesses that the close
of 1914 will be the beginning of the time of trouble such as was
not since there was a nation--no, nor ever shall be afterward.
And thus it will be noted that this "Witness" fully
corroborates the Bible testimony on this subject, as shown by
the "Parallel Dispensations" in Scripture Studies, Vol.
II, Chap. VII.
should any doubt the fact that the forty years of "harvest"
began in the fall of 1874 because the trouble has not yet reached
so portentous and unendurable a stage; and because, in some respects,
the "harvest" period since that date has been one of
great advancement in knowledge. Remember, too, that the Great
Pyramid figures and illustrations including the diagram of the
"Pit" were drafted by Prof. Smyth without any reference
to this application.
we should remember that the Word of the Lord
<PAGE 343> clearly shows that the judgments
of this time of trouble will begin with the nominal Church, preparatory
to its overthrow, and in the strife of selfishness between capital
and labor, both of which are now organizing for the culminating
shape and finish of this lowest room or "Pit" are peculiarly
significant. While the top and parts of the sides are regular,
it has no floor--its rough, unfinished bottom dropping lower and
lower to its eastern side, giving reason for the name, "Bottomless
Pit," sometimes applied to it. This room speaks of liberty
and freedom as well as of trouble, of elevation as well as of
degradation; for, as the traveler reaches it, cramped and weary
from the crouched position enforced by the smallness of the "Entrance
Passage," he here finds not only a step downward into greater
depths, and upon "a troublesome floor," very uneven
and broken, but he finds a great elevation also, part of
this room being much more lofty than the passageway to it, which
is suggestive of greatly enlarged room for his mental organism.
true this is to facts, too. Can we not already see that the spirit
of liberty has reached the masses of civilized nations?
We do not pause here to consider the consistencies and inconsistencies
of the liberties being felt and claimed by the masses--both are
suggested in this room by the elevation of the top and
the depression of the bottom: we merely note the fact that the
light of our day--the Day of the Lord--induces the spirit of liberty;
and the spirit of liberty, coming in contact with the pride, wealth
and power of those still in control, will be the cause
of the trouble which the Scriptures assure us will eventually
be very great. Though as yet it has scarcely begun, kings and
emperors and statesmen and capitalists, and all men, see it coming,
and "men's hearts are failing them for fear, and for looking
after the things coming"; for the powers of the heavens are
being shaken, and shall ultimately be removed. The evil
systems --civil, social and religious--of "the present evil
<PAGE 344> will there sink into oblivion,
into destruction, which the subterranean chamber or "Pit"
also symbolizes, for we regard the "Pit" as not only
a symbol of the overwhelming trouble which will involve the present
order of things in an overthrow and destruction (because of their
inconsistency with the better order of things to be established
under God's Kingdom), but also as a symbol of the certain end
of every being who continues to pursue the downward course, and
who, under the full enlightenment of the Millennial age, will
refuse to break off his sins and pursue righteousness.
another item in this connection: The "Entrance Passage"
has a regular slope downward until it nears the "Pit,"
when it ceases to slope and runs horizontally. Measuring backward
from the entrance of the subterranean chamber or "Pit"
to the juncture of the horizontal with the angling portion of
the passage, we find the distance to be 324 inches; consequently,
the beginning of the level portion of the passage marks a date
324 years before 1915, viz., the year 1590. This would seem to
say that at that date (A.D. 1591) something transpired which had
a great influence upon the course of civilization, and which in
some measure arrested its downward tendency. What transpired at
that time? What great movement, marked by that date, has had such
we find no exact measurements of this portion of this downward
passage and we are convinced that Prof. Smyth's diagrams are not
sufficiently accurate to justify confidence in "paper measurements"
based upon them. An unconfirmed measurement is 324 Py. inches,
which measured backward would indicate about the year A.D. 1590,
or "Shakespeare's day." However, we attach no weight
to this suggestion.
thing is certain--that low downward passage represents the course
of the world, as the upward passages represent the course
for the "called" Church. The change from a downward
to a horizontal path would therefore seem to imply moral or political
enlightenment, or favorable restraint from the downward course.
Protestant Reformation of the Sixteenth century certainly did
accomplish much for the uplift of the world in every way, indirectly.
It purged the moral atmosphere of much of its ignorance and superstition,
and is admitted by Roman Catholics as well as Protestants to have
marked a new era of universal advancement.
are not claiming, as some do, that everything of our day is upward
rather than downward. On the contrary, we see many things in our
day to which we cannot give assent as even civilized, not to say
in accord with the divine will. We see a broader "humanitarian"
view prevalent in the world which, while far from the religion
of our Lord Jesus, is far in advance of the ignorant superstitions
of the past.
it is this social improvement of the world that has given rise
to the "Evolution Theory" and caused many to conclude
that the world is growing rapidly better and better, that it needed
no Savior and his redeeming work, and needs no Kingdom to come
with restitution work. Very soon the poor world will realize that
uplift and the basis of pure selfishness means increasing discontent,
and eventually anarchy. Only the Lord's people, guided by his
Word, are able to see these things in their proper light.
while the above measurements were giving their harmonious testimonies,
another measurement seemed quite out of harmony with the Bible
account; viz., that of the "First Ascending Passage,"
which presumably represented the period from the time of Israel's
exodus from Egypt to the birth of our Lord Jesus.* The Bible account
of the time, as already given,+ we could not doubt, having
demonstrated its correctness in so many ways. It showed the time
from the exodus from Egypt to the year A.D. 1 to be exactly 1614
---------- *This period is not the same as that which, in Vol.
II, Chap. vii, we have denominated and described as the Jewish
age. The latter began 198 years before the Exodus, at the death
of Jacob, and did not end until the Lord, whom they rejected,
left their house desolate, five days before his crucifixion. +Vol.
II, pages 230-232.
<PAGE 346> years, while the floor-line of
the "First Ascending Passage" measures only 1542 inches.
Then, again, we knew beyond a doubt, from the words of our Lord
and the prophets, that the Law age, and the "favor"
to Israel after the flesh, did not cease at the birth of Jesus,
but three and a half years after his death, at the close of their
seventy weeks of favor, A.D. 36.* This would make the period from
the exodus to the full end of their favor (1614 plus 36) equal
1650 years. And though, in a sense, the grandeur and blessing
of the new dispensation began at the birth of Jesus (`Luke
2:10-14,25-38`), yet the Great Pyramid should, in some
way, indicate the full length of Israel's favor. This we finally
found to be most ingeniously shown. The granite "Plug"
proved to be the exact length to fill out this period to the very
limit. Then we knew why that "Plug" was so securely
fixed that none had succeeded in displacing it. The great Master-Builder
had placed it there to stay, that we might hear its testimony
today corroborating the Bible, as to both its plan and its chronology.
measuring this passage with its "Plug," we should consider
it as though it were a telescope, with the "Plug" drawn
out until the upper end reaches the place originally marked by
the lower end of it. The distance downward from the north entrance
of the "Grand Gallery" to the lower end of the granite
"Plug" is 1470 inches, to which if we add the length
of the "Plug," 179 inches, we have a total of 1649 inches,
representing 1649 years; and the one inch-year of difference between
this and the 1650 years shown by the Bible chronology of that
period is easily accounted for when we remember that one end of
this granite "Plug" had been considerably chipped by
those who endeavored to force it from its fixed position in the
passageway. ---------- *See Vol. II, Chap. vii.
exactly, does the stone "Witness" corroborate the testimony
of the Bible, and show that the period from the exodus of Israel
from Egypt until the full end of their national favor,* A.D. 36,
was 1650 years. But let none confound this period with the period
shown in the Parallels of the Jewish and Christian dispensations--showing
the two ages to be each 1845 years in length, the one from the
death of Jacob to A.D. 33, and the other from A.D. 33 to A.D.
not only was this an ingenious way of hiding and yet furnishing
the length of the period from the exodus to the birth of our Lord
(to be, in due time, a corroboration of the Bible testimony),
but the careful reader will readily see that it could have been
done only in some such way, for two reasons: First, because the
Jewish dispensation and favor not only began at the death of Jacob,
before the exodus from Egypt, but also ran into and parallel to
the Christian dispensation for the thirty-three years of our Lord
Jesus' earthly life; and, second, because to have made the "First
Ascending Passage" long enough to represent fully the Jewish
age in year-inches would have necessitated the making of the Pyramid
still larger, which in turn would have destroyed its scientific
features and lessons.
us now examine the "Grand Gallery," at the end of the
"First Ascending Passage," noting also its symbolic
testimony. It is seven times as high as the "First Ascending
Passage." It has seven courses of overlapping stones in its
walls, of smooth, highly polished and once beautiful, cream-colored
limestone. It is twenty-eight feet high, though very narrow, being
only six feet broad anywhere, but contracted to three feet at
the floor and less at the roof. Prof. Greaves, an Oxford professor
of the Fifteenth century, describing it, wrote: ---------- *See
Vol. II, Chap. iii.
is a very stately piece of work, and not inferior, either in respect
of the curiosity of art or richness of materials, to the most
sumptuous and magnificent buildings....This gallery, or corridor,
or whatsoever else I may call it, is built of white and polished
marble (limestone), the which is very evenly cut in spacious squares
or tables. Of such materials as is the pavement, such is the roof,
and such are the side walls that flank it; the knitting of the
joints is so close that they are scarce discernible to a curious
eye; and that which adds grace to the whole structure, though
it makes the passage the more slippery and difficult, is the acclivity
and rising of the ascent....In the casting and ranging of the
marbles (limestone) in both the side walls, there is one piece
of architecture, in my judgment, very graceful, and that is that
all the courses or ranges, which are but seven (so great are these
stones), do set and flag over one another about three inches;
the bottom of the uppermost course overflagging the top of the
next, and so in order the rest as they descend."
Prof. Smyth declares that it would be impossible fairly to represent
it by pictures, saying:
circumstances are above the scope of orthodox pictures by reason
of the narrow breadth, the lofty, vaulting height, and the very
peculiar sloping angle of the long floor; a floor, when one looks
from its north end southward, ascending and ascending through
the darkness, apparently forever; and with such steepness that
no artist's view of it, painted on a vertical plane, could ever
hope to represent more than a small part of that floor, rising
upward through the whole canvas and going out at the top. While,
on looking northward from the south end of the Gallery, you lose
the floor instantly, and see on the level of your eyes, in the
distance, part of the steeply descending ceiling. Otherwise, it
is the solemn overlappings of the high, dark walls, passing you
by on either side; but all on an uneasy slant, speaking of toil
in one direction, danger in another, and a mountain of strength
a wonderful illustration is given in this "Grand Gallery"
of the course of the true Christian Church and of
<PAGE 349> the path of the little flock of
overcomers during the long period of the Gospel age. Its once
beautiful, cream-white walls and ceiling, formed of regular overlapping
stones, all sloping upward, give not the history of the nominal
Church, as some have supposed--else they would be far from regular
and upward--but they tell of God's great favor bestowed during
the Gospel age, the "high calling" to certain liberties
and privileges, offered conditionally to all the justified during
the Gospel age, opened up by the Well--the ransom.
lofty height of this "Grand Gallery"--seven times the
height of the passage representing the Jewish dispensation (seven
being a symbol of completeness or fulness) --represents that fulness
of blessing contained in the Abrahamic promise, which is actually
set before the Gospel Church. The "King's Chamber,"
at the end of the "Grand Gallery," represents the end
of the race to which the present high calling leads all the faithful;
and this "King's Chamber," as we shall shortly see,
is a most apt symbol of the ultimate destiny of the Church. By
the "Well" (which represents the ransom), at the very
entrance of this Gallery, and which all must recognize who enter
upon this way, our justification is beautifully symbolized. Thus
the Great Pyramid tells us, "There is therefore now no condemnation
to them that are in Christ Jesus."
apparently interminable length of the "Grand Gallery"
shows how long the Gospel age has appeared to individual members
of the Church, while its narrowness well represents the "narrow
way to life"; and its steepness, the difficulty with which
the way is pursued, and the continual danger of backsliding to
those who fail to watch vigilantly their steps. Yet, within the
confines of these walls of divine favor is the safety and security
of all those who continue in well-doing, who continue to grow
in grace, to ascend the difficult way, to "walk not after
the flesh, but after the spirit."
upward along the "Grand Gallery," we see that it
has an end as well as a beginning. Thus we are told that the
exceeding great and precious privileges extended during this Gospel
age will some time cease--the wonderful high calling to
joint-heirship with Christ, as his "bride," will terminate
when a sufficient number to complete the "little flock"
shall have accepted the call. That which this stone "Witness"
thus points out in illustration, the written Word makes very plain,
showing, as we have seen, that the privilege of running for the
great prize of the "high calling" belongs exclusively
to the Gospel age. It was never granted to any before--our Captain,
Jesus, being the first to whom it was offered, the first to accept
its conditions of sacrifice and the first to enter into its rewards.
The south end of the "Grand Gallery" as positively marks
the end or limit of the call to the divine nature as the north
end of it marks the beginning of the offer of that great favor.
since the "Grand Gallery" represents our "high
calling" of God, let us look beyond and note what this call
leads to in the case of each individual. We have already seen
in the Scriptures that we are called to suffer with Christ, to
become dead with him, and afterward to enter into his glory.
And all this we find strikingly symbolized in the peculiar manner
by which entrance is gained to the "King's Chamber,"
at the end of the "Grand Gallery." The way by which
those who accept the "high calling" may enter the heavenly
glory, represented by the "King's Chamber," is not direct.
They must first be tested in all points and be found obedient
to the will of God, else they cannot enter into the rest that
remaineth. This, the Scriptural teaching, and the experience of
all running for the great prize, is thus forcibly illustrated
by the Great Pyramid. As the call leads to consecration and lessons
of sacrifice, so the "Grand Gallery" leads to certain
low passages which symbolize these. Having
<PAGE 351> arrived at its upper end, the traveler
must stoop very low at the doorway or passage which leads into
the "Ante-Chamber." This stoop symbolizes the consecration
or death of the human will, the beginning of the self-sacrifice,
whereunto all are called who would attain to the divine nature.
How much this self-sacrifice means is known only to those who
have accepted the call, and who have actually surrendered the
low passage, representing consecration, being passed, we are in
what is known as the "Ante-Chamber." Here the floor
ceases to be limestone: from this point onward the tread is to
be on solid granite, which may be interpreted as a new
standing, or a standing as "new creatures." But when
placing foot upon the granite floor, to enter upon the new standing
as new creatures, a huge obstruction of granite is noticed: it
is known as the "Granite Leaf." This, like a drop-door,
partly closes the way, leaving only a low passage like the one
just passed, forty-four inches high, so that we must stoop again
before we can enjoy fully the privileges represented in the "Ante-Chamber."
This "Granite Leaf" represents the divine will,
and seems to say to one who has just passed the low passage representing
the surrender of his own will, "It is not enough that you
should sacrifice your will, plans and arrangements; you might
do all that, and then take up the will and plan of another; you
must not only sacrifice your own will, but you must bow to the
divine will, and accept it instead of your own, and become active
in God's service, before you can be counted a new creature and
an heir of the divine nature."
"Granite Leaf" passed, we stand unhampered upon the
granite floor in the "Ante-Chamber." (See illustration.)
This is a peculiar room: its walls are different from each other;
it seems to have a kind of wainscoating on parts; and in some
of its walls grooves are cut. It certainly seems to be
<PAGE 352> full of lessons not yet fully deciphered.
However, the suggestion of those who have visited it, that it
resembles a schoolroom, seems in perfect harmony with what we
should expect as representing the experiences of those sanctified
ones begotten of the Truth. This "Ante-Chamber" symbolizes
the school of Christ, and the discipline--the trials of faith,
patience, endurance, etc.--to which all are subjected who have
made a full consecration of themselves to the will of God; which
affords them opportunities for overcoming, and for proving
their worthiness of a place, as overcomers, with Christ in his
coming reign of glory. If we be without such lessons and trials,
we are not sons and heirs on this divine plane.
(`Heb. 12:8`) It is in the present
life, after our consecration to his service, that God schools
and disciplines us, and thereby not only tests our fidelity to
him, according to our covenant, but also prepares us to sympathize
with others in trial and trouble, over whom he wills shortly to
make us rulers and judges. `1 Cor. 6:2,3`
not only the death of the will, but also actual death, must be
passed before we enter fully and actually the conditions
of our "new," "divine nature." And this, too,
is shown by the stone "Witness"; for at the farther
end of the "Ante-Chamber" is a very low passage through
which entrance to the "King's Chamber" is gained. Thus
the "King's Chamber," the grandest and highest room
of the Pyramid, becomes the symbol of the perfection of the divine
nature to be gained by the "little flock," the few overcomers
chosen out of the "many called" (whose calling
is symbolized by the "Grand Gallery"), who pass through
self-sacrifice and trial (symbolized by the "Ante-Chamber,"
and the low passages into and from it). The call to the "divine
nature" came first to our Lord Jesus, whose mission to earth
was for a twofold purpose: (1) to save sinners by paying the ransom
price for Adam, and all in him, and (2) that by that obedience
unto death he might be proved worthy of the divine nature and
<PAGE 353> SITSV3SA.G06
<PAGE 355> glory. Hence it is that the "Grand
Gallery" is shown as commencing at our Lord's birth. It does
not, therefore, symbolize the Gospel age, for that did
not commence until Jesus had made an end of the Law age by his
sacrifice on the cross, thirty-three years after his birth; but
it does symbolize the high or heavenly calling (through
sacrifice) to the divine nature--the "King's Chamber."
Our Lord Jesus was thus called from the moment of his birth; and,
since Pentecost, all justified believers are called to the same
high privilege, however few accept the call to sacrifice, and
however few make their calling and election sure by hearty compliance
with the conditions--walking in the Master's footsteps. And the
length of time during which this "high calling" to the
divine nature lasts, and when it ceases, is what is indicated
by this "Grand Gallery's" length and termination, as
"King's Chamber," which can be reached only by way of
the "Grand Gallery" and the "Ante-Chamber,"
is in every way the highest and noblest apartment in the Great
Pyramid, and fitly symbolizes the divine nature. Mr. Henry F.
Gordon, describing it, says:
is a very noble apartment, 34 feet long, 17 feet broad, and 19
feet high, of polished red granite throughout; walls, floor and
ceiling in blocks squared, true, and joined together with such
exquisite skill that no autocrat emperor of modern times could
desire anything more solidly noble and refined. The only thing
this chamber contains is an empty [granite] coffer [or stone box]
without a lid; and it is worthy of notice that this coffer corresponds
with the sacred ark of the Mosaic Tabernacle in capacity."
the Great Pyramid granite is used to symbolize divine things
or the divine nature, just as gold symbolized it in Israel's typical
Tabernacle and Temple: the low passages leading into the "Ante-Chamber"
and into the "King's Chamber" correspond to the veils
before the Holy and the Most Holy; and the granite coffer, the
only furniture in the "King's Chamber," corresponds
to the Ark of the Covenant, which was the only furniture in the
Most Holy of the Tabernacle and the Temple. What in the one was
gold, in the other is granite, and of the same symbolic significance.
is this all: we find that the same great truths which were symbolically
represented in the two apartments of the Tabernacle and the Temple,
the Holy and the Most Holy, and their separating veils, are exactly
matched in the Great Pyramid by the teachings of the two apartments,
the "Ante-Chamber" and the "King's Chamber,"
and their low separating passages. The "Ante-Chamber,"
like the Holy of the Tabernacle, represents that condition of
relationship to God, as a reckoned new creature, and joint-heir
with Christ of the divine nature and glory, which the believer
enters when, after accepting forgiveness of sins and reconciliation
with God through the ransom, he presents his justified self a
living sacrifice to God's service. As the first veil of
the Tabernacle represented the consecration or resignation or
death of our own will, and the full submission to God's will,
so the low entrance to the "Ante-Chamber" symbolizes
this same great event, which begins the newness of life in all
who will ever be members of the royal priesthood.
test, representing the laying of our all upon the altar, having
been passed, the believer is no longer reckoned as a human
being, but as a "new creature," a "partaker of
the divine nature." Though, as a matter of fact, he will
not be made an actual sharer of the divine nature until he shall
have faithfully learned the lesson of obedience to the divine
will, in the actual experiences and daily sacrifices and schoolings
of the present life (represented in the "Ante-Chamber"
walls, of peculiar construction, and in the Table of Shew-bread,
the Golden Candlestick and the Incense Altar in the Holy of the
Tabernacle); and not until he shall have passed through death
itself (represented by the second veil of the Tabernacle and by
the second low passage leading into the "King's Chamber"
of the Pyramid); and until, by a share in the First Resurrection,
he shall have entered with Christ into the fulness of the promised
divine nature and glory--his everlasting portion, symbolized in
the "King's Chamber."
the Great Pyramid witnesses, not only the downward course of man
in sin, but also the various steps in the divine plan by which
preparation is made for his full recovery from the fall, through
the way of life, opened up by the death and resurrection of our
will be noticed from the illustration that the granite floor does
not reach quite to the front of the "Ante-Chamber,"
while the granite of the ceiling reaches the full length of the
room. This seems to teach a lesson in harmony with what we have
already seen to be a feature of the divine plan, as it relates
to those called-out ones who are seeking to enter upon the divine
nature. The first low passage symbolizes the consecration of the
believer's human will, which really gives him entrance into the
"Holy" or sanctified condition as a prospective heir
of glory and immortality, represented in the "Ante-Chamber,"
whose granite ceiling now covers him; yet such a one is not to
be considered as having entered fully into the new nature until
"quickened" into activity and newness of life; and this
test is represented by the "Granite Leaf," which, from
its peculiar position, hanging, as though ready to drop and thus
block all further progress, seems to say, "Pilgrim, even
though you have come thus far and have consecrated yourself to
God, unless you become quickened by the spirit of the truth to
activity in his service, you will still have no real standing
in the divine nature to which you have been called or invited."
The three steps by which the called ones of the Gospel age are
to enter the glory of their Lord are thus marked in the Great
Pyramid as well as in the Scriptures. They are (1) Consecration,
or begetting of the spirit through the Word of truth, symbolized
by the low passage into the "Ante-Chamber"; (2) Quickening
to active service and sacrifice through sanctification of the
spirit and belief of the truth, symbolized by the low passage
under the "Granite Leaf"; (3) Birth of the spirit
into the perfect likeness of our Lord by a share in the First
Resurrection, symbolized by the low passageway into the "King's
The Natural and Spiritual Natures Shown
reference to the illustration, page 333, it will be noticed that
an imaginary line drawn through the vertical axis of the Great
Pyramid would leave the "Queen's Chamber" and its "Horizontal
Passage," the "Entrance Passage," the "First
Ascending Passage" and the "Grand Gallery," all
on the north side of that line or axis, and only the "Ante-Chamber"
and the "King's Chamber" on the south side of
<PAGE 358> it. By this arrangement the designer
of the Great Pyramid (Jehovah) points out to us the distinction
of natures, as noted in Vol. I, Chap. x.
"Queen's Chamber," representing the perfection of humanity
after the Millennial age shall have restored all the obedient
and worthy ones to the moral likeness of the Creator, teaches,
by the fact that its back or farthest wall is on a line with the
Pyramid's axis, that, thus restored to God's image and likeness,
though still human, mankind will be close to the divine nature--as
close as one nature could be to another nature of which it is
a likeness. And all the upward passages leading in the direction
of that axis teach that the desires and efforts of God's people
are all to be toward human perfection, while those of the called-out
Church of the Gospel age are to go beyond human perfection.
They, as joint-heirs with Christ, are to enter into the fulness
of the divine nature.
fact that the "Subterranean Chamber" or "Pit,"
representing trouble and death, does not lie wholly on the same
side of the vertical axis as the "Queen's Chamber" and
its passage does not militate against this interpretation; for,
strictly speaking, it is no part of the Pyramid structure at all.
It lies under the Pyramid, far below its basal line. But it may
have another lesson to impart. A vertical line from its farthest
wall would pass exactly along the farthest wall of the "Ante-Chamber";
and the lesson drawn might be, in harmony with the Scriptural
warning, that it is possible for some who have entered
the "Holy" or sanctified condition (who have been begotten
by the word of truth, and who have even been quickened by it)
to commit the sin that is unto death--the second death.
then, the relation of the location of the "Pit" to the
axis, if it have any significance in connection with the arrangement
of the Pyramid above it, would seem to indicate that the
second death--endless, hopeless destruction--will be the
penalty, not only of the wilful sinfulness of men who, during
the Millennial age of blessed opportunity, will refuse to go on
to human perfection, but also of any of those sanctified during
the Gospel age, who wilfully reject Christ's proffered and previously
accepted robe of imputed righteousness.
<PAGE 359> SITSV3SA.G07
item worthy of note in connection with the vertical axis of the
Great Pyramid's structure above its basal line is this: our Lord's
first advent and his death, marked by the "Well's" mouth,
are on that side of the Pyramid's axis which represents the human
nature; and its location on the same level as the passage
leading to the "Queen's Chamber," which symbolizes human
perfection, is also noteworthy. The Great Pyramid thus seems
to say: "He was made flesh"--the man Christ Jesus
gave himself "a ransom for all"; yet he knew no sin,
was holy, harmless, separate from sinners, and had no part whatever
in the downward, sinful course of Adam's race (symbolized in the
passage to the "Pit"). Moreover, the location of the
"Grotto" and the fact that it was natural and not hewn
are significant. It evidently symbolizes the death of our Lord
Jesus. The fact that it was natural teaches that the Lord's
sacrifice of himself was not an expediency, but a foreordained,
prearranged matter in Jehovah's plan, before the outworking of
the plan symbolized by the Pyramid began. The fact that it is
located above and not below the basal line of the Pyramid seems
to teach another lesson in harmony with the Scriptures--that though
our Lord died as a ransom for sinners, he did not descend into
sin and degradation, but even in his death was within the limits
and bounds of the divine plan, as symbolized in the Pyramid structure
above the basal line.
a question of great interest arises: Will the Pyramid's testimony
concerning the time of the close of the high calling corroborate
the testimony of the Scriptures on this subject? Will it show
the end of the "Grand Gallery" at the exact time the
Scriptures assure us that God's call to this favor ceases? Or
will it contradict what we have learned from the Scriptures, and
show either a longer or a shorter period of calling to the divine
will be another "crucial test," not however a test of
God's Word and its wonderful testimony, which is paramount to
all others, but a test of this stone "Witness." Will
it further prove its divine architecture by confirming the Scripture
testimony? or will it show more or less of a discrepancy? Should
it corroborate the Bible account particularly and minutely, it
would indeed well merit the name given it by Dr. Seiss--"A
Miracle in Stone."
we can say nothing less of it; for its testimony agrees fully
and in every detail with the entire plan of God as we have learned
that plan from the Scriptures. Its wonderful correspondencies
with the Bible leave no room for doubt that the same divine inspirer
of the prophets and apostles inspired this "Witness"
also. Let us examine some of these harmonies particularly.
to mind that the Scriptures showed us that the full end of Gentile
power in the world, and of the time of trouble which brings its
overthrow, will follow the end of A.D. 1914, and that some time
near that date the last members of the Church of Christ will have
been "changed," glorified. Remember, too, that the Scriptures
proved to us in various ways--by the Jubilee Cycles, the 1335
days of Daniel, the Parallel Dispensations, etc.--that the "harvest"
or end of this age was due to begin in October, 1874, and that
the Great Reaper was then due to be present; that seven years
later--in October, 1881--the "high calling" ceased,
though some will be admitted to the same favors afterward, without
a general call being made, to fill the places of some of the called
ones who, on being tested, will be found unworthy. Then look at
the manner in which the stone "Witness" testifies to
those same dates and illustrates the very same lessons. Thus:
floor-line of the "Grand Gallery," from the north to
the south wall, has been twice very carefully measured in recent
years, and three distinct sets of measures have been obtained.
One measure (a) is from the wall at the north end, measured to
the "Step" and then--omitting its riser or front--along
its upper surface, the walking surface of the "Grand
Gallery's" floor; another measure (b) shows the length measured
through the "Step," as though the "Step"
were not there; another measure (c) gives the entire surface of
the floor and up the front or riser of the "Step" and
along its top surface. Prof. Smyth found the first of these measures
(a) to be 1874 Pyramid inches, the second (b), 1881 Pyramid inches,
and the third (c), 1910 Pyramid inches; while Mr. Flinders Petrie
reports these measures eight-tenths of
<PAGE 363> an inch longer. A reasonable estimate,
therefore, and undoubtedly very nearly a correct one, would be
to call these figures (a) 1875, (b) 1882 and (c) 1911 Pyramid
we inquire, If the inches of the floor-lines of these passages
represent a year, each, as claimed and admitted by Pyramid students,
what date would these measures of the "Grand Gallery"
indicate as the end of the high calling to the divine nature,
which the "Grand Gallery" symbolizes? We answer, that
in applying these inch-years to our present reckoning of time,
we must remember that our date A.D. is one year and three months
behind the actual date, as shown in Vol. II, pages 54-62. And
while this would make no difference in calculating a period from
a fixed date B.C., or from a fixed date A.D., it should be recognized
in this case. Where the same event, the birth of Jesus, is the
starting point, the error in our date A.D. must be allowed for,
to reach correct results. For simplicity we will take our erroneous
A.D. as the standard, and will scale down the Pyramid figures
to correspond, by deducting one and one-fourth inches from them,
so that they will correspond with our common reckoning. Thus reduced,
they would show (a) 1875 less 1 1/4 equal 1873 3/4; (b) 1882 less
1 1/4 equal 1880 3/4; and (c) 1911 less 1 1/4 equal 1909 3/4,
and give the dates (a) October, 1874, (b) October, 1881 and (c)
October, 1910 A.D.
threefold ending is in full accord with what we have found taught
in the Scriptures: that the "harvest, the end of the age,"
was reached in October, 1874, and that the "call" proper
ended in October, 1881, while a period would follow during which,
though the general call had ceased, the same privileges
would be extended to some worthy ones, in order to supply the
places of some already among the called who, under trial, will
be found unworthy of the crowns allotted to them when they accepted
the call. How long this sifting of the consecrated
will last, during which some will be granted the crowns of those
adjudged unworthy, and their names written instead of some
whose names will be blotted out (`Rev. 3:5,11`),
the Scriptures do not, so far as we have yet seen, indicate; but
this date, 1910, indicated by the Pyramid, seems to harmonize
well with the dates furnished by the Bible. It is but a few years
before the full close of the time of trouble which ends the Gentile
times; and when we remember the Lord's words--that the overcomers
<PAGE 364> accounted worthy to escape the
severest of the trouble coming upon the world we may understand
the reference to be to the anarchous trouble which will follow
October, 1914; but a trouble chiefly upon the Church may be expected
about 1910 A.D.
not this a most remarkable agreement between this stone "Witness"
and the Bible? The dates, October, 1874, and October, 1881, are
exact, while the date 1910, though not furnished in the Scriptures,
seems more than a reasonable one for some important event in the
Church's experience and final testing, while A.D. 1914 is apparently
well-defined as its close, after which the world's greatest trouble
is due, in which some of the "great multitude" may have
a share. And in this connection let us remember that this date
limit--A.D. 1914--may not only witness the completion of the selection
and trial and glorification of the entire body of Christ, but
it may also witness the purifying of some of that larger company
of consecrated believers who, through fear and faint-heartedness,
failed to render acceptable sacrifices to God, and who therefore
became more or less contaminated with the world's ideas and ways.
Some of these, before the end of this period, may come up out
of the great tribulation. (`Rev. 7:14`)
Many such are now being closely bound in with the various bundles
of tares for the burning; and not until the fiery trouble of the
latter end of the harvest period shall burn the binding cords
of Babylon's bondage shall these be able to make their escape--"saved
so as by fire." They must see the utter wreck of Great Babylon
and receive some measure of her plagues. (`Rev.
18:4`) The four years from 1910
to the end of 1914, indicated thus in the Great Pyramid, will
doubtless be a time of "fiery trial" upon the Church
(`1 Cor. 3:15`) preceding the anarchy
of the world, which cannot last long--"Except those days
should be shortened there should no flesh be saved."
is this all of the wonderful symbolism of the Great Pyramid. Its
marvelous harmony with the divine plan is still further shown
in another remarkable feature. We should expect that the date
of the two great events connected with the close of this age,
viz., (1) our Lord's second advent and (2) the beginning of the
harvest, would in some
<PAGE 365> manner be marked at the upper end
of the "Grand Gallery," even as his death and resurrection
are marked by the "Well" at its lower end. And in this
we are not disappointed. In the upper or south end of the east
wall, at its top, high above the step, there is an opening connecting
with the unfinished space above the "King's Chamber,"
as shown on the diagram. In the Pyramid's symbolic language that
opening says, "Here a heavenly One entered--One who needs
no floors to walk upon, but who can come and go like the wind."
And Prof. Smyth's careful measurements of this south wall of the
"Grand Gallery" inform us that it is not exactly perpendicular,
but leans over at the top seven inches.* The Pyramid thus
says to us, "Seven years before the close of the high calling
[before October, 1881] the great One from the heavens will enter."
And it further indicates that from that time--October, 1874--gradually,
as indicated by the sloping of the south wall, the call would
be drawn to a close and fully end in October, 1881. This, it will
be noticed, is in exact accord with the Bible's testimony as outlined
in this and preceding volumes of Studies in the Scriptures.
let it be remembered, too, that we who understood the Scriptural
presentation of these times and seasons had nothing to do with
the taking of these measurements of the Great Pyramid; and that
they who took the measurements knew nothing of our application
of the prophecy at the time the measurements were taken, nor do
they yet, so far as we know. We ask, therefore, Could such exactness
in matters which concern six thousand years of history on the
one hand, and thousands of inches of Pyramid measurements on the
other, be a mere accidental coincidence? Nay; but verily truth
is stranger and more wonderful than fiction. "This is the
Lord's doing; it is marvelous in our eyes."
where the special favor of the general Gospel call ceased (October,
1881), the blessing upon the world would seem to be due to have
a beginning. The "Well," which marks at its upper end
the ransom which secures the coming blessing, should, it would
seem, at its lower end (where it connects with the downward passage)
mark the date when restitution blessings would begin to reach
the world. It seems to say, Here the benefits of the ransom will
---------- *Prof. Piazzi Smyth's report.
<PAGE 366> begin to bless all the families
of the earth, when the elections or selections of the Jewish and
Gospel ages are completed.
if we adopt the clearly marked close of the special call and favor
of the Gospel age, 1881, as the date at which the call to restitution
blessings was due to have a beginning, and if we regard the lower
terminus of the "Well" as marking that date (1881),
we find something of interest by measuring back along that "Entrance
Passage" to the original entrance of the Pyramid. This distance
we find to be 3826 pyramid inches, thus representing 3826 years.
And if our supposition be well founded, 3826 years before A.D.
1881 some notable event must have occurred. And as we search the
historic records of God's Word to see if any notable event occurred
at that time, we find a remarkable confirmation of our supposition;
for, just 3826 years before A.D. 1881, which would be B.C. 1945,
Isaac, the typical seed of promise, became the heir of all his
father Abraham's wealth, and was thus in position to bless all
his brethren-- Ishmael, the son of Hagar (type of fleshly Israel),
and the many sons and daughters of Keturah, Abraham's second wife
(typical of the world in general).
the "Entrance Passage," from the outside edge down to
the nearest edge of the passage connecting with the "Well,"
marks in year-inches the period of time from the day the typical
Isaac (in whom typically centered the promise of blessing to the
world) became heir of all, B.C. 1945, to A.D. 1881, when the blessing
was actually due to the world through the antitypical Isaac--the
Christ, the heir of all things. `Gal. 3:16,29`
measure the time from the date of Isaac's inheritance, and consequent
privilege of blessing his brethren, to the year A.D. 1881, thus:
Isaac came into possession of his inheritance at the death of
his father Abraham, which occurred 100 years after the Abrahamic
Covenant was made (for Abraham was 75 years old when the Covenant
was made, and he died at the age of 175 years). Then from the
Covenant to the death of Jacob, Isaac's son, was 232 years;* and
from the time that Isaac came into his inheritance--100 years
after the Covenant was made--to the death of Jacob would be 132
years (232 years less 100 years). To this we add the 1813 years
from the ---------- *See Vol. II, pages 231,232.
<PAGE 367> death of Jacob to our Anno Domini,
and we have the date 1945 B.C., the date when the typical Isaac
came into possession of all that Abraham had. (`Gen.
25:5`) And this 1945 years B.C. added to the 1881 years
A.D. makes the 3826 years indicated in the Pyramid inches as the
length of time that must elapse between the typical blessing of
his brethren by the typical seed, Isaac, and the blessing of the
whole world through the antitypical Isaac, the Christ.
the question arise with any, what beginning of restitution work
was marked by October, 1881? We answer: Nothing occurred which
the world could discern. We still walk by faith and not by sight.
All the preparatory steps toward the great restitution work since
the date 1881 are to be reckoned as droppings of the great shower
of blessing which shall ere long refresh the whole earth. That
which occurred in 1881, like that which occurred in 1874, can
be discerned only by the eye of faith in the light of God's Word.
It was the date of the close of the high calling, and hence the
date for the beginning of restitution announcement--the Jubilee
trumpet. About that date the author, and, so far as he knows,
no one else, had noticed the distinction between the call to the
divine nature, open during the Gospel age, and the opportunity
for restitution of human perfection and all that was lost
in Adam, due at the close of the Gospel high calling.*
point to be noticed is, the pathway upon which ---------- *Although
we had not thought of the coincidence until now, while writing
this chapter, it is not a little remarkable that it was during
the last six months of the year 1881 that Food for Thinking Christians,
a book of 166 pages, was issued, and circulated to the extent
of one million four hundred thousand copies throughout the United
States and Great Britain.
items connected with that book and its wide and sudden distribution
contribute to mark it as at least peculiar: (1) Perhaps no other
book ever reached so large a circulation in so brief a space of
time, or by the same methods. It was distributed gratuitously
at the church doors in all the largest cities of the United States
and Great Britain by the messenger boys of the District Messenger
Service on three successive Sundays, and in the smaller towns
through the mails. (2) The money to defray this expense ($42,000)
was voluntarily donated for the purpose, without solicitation.
(3) It was, so far as we know, the first book ever published which
pointed out the distinction between the high calling of the Gospel
Church and the Restitution favors for the world in general, and
it pointed out the date of the close of that high calling as October,
<PAGE 368> the world will be invited to come
and receive life everlasting in the Millennial age.
the upper apartment, known as the "King's Chamber,"
represents the divine nature, and the "Grand Gallery"
represents the call to it, so the one under it (the "Queen's
Chamber") represents the perfect human nature; and
the way to it illustrates the path to life in which the world
must walk to reach human perfection during the Millennium. Both
of these ways, and hence both of these ultimate results, were
opened up and made possible by the ransom-sacrifice which
the Mediator gave on behalf of all: all of which is forcibly indicated
in the Pyramid by the "appearance of an explosion,"
which opened the mouth of the "Well," and gave access
to the two passageways (intended to symbolize the call of the
Church now, leading to the divine nature, and the call of the
world during the Millennium, leading to the restitution of human
the Great Pyramid, in harmony with the Scriptures, declares that
"Christ brought life [restitution to human life, represented
in that called the "Queen's Chamber"] and immortality
[the divine nature, represented in that called the "King's
Chamber"] TO LIGHT, through the Gospel"--the good news
of redemption. `2 Tim. 1:10`
only entrance to the "Queen's Chamber," or to the "Grand
Gallery," was by way of the "Well," the "First
Ascending Passage" having been originally impassable by reason
of the granite "Plug." Thus the stone "Witness"
testifies that by the Law Call or Law Covenant none of the fallen
race could reach either life (human life) or immortality (the
divine nature). Though the "First Ascending Passage"
was a way, yet none could walk in it. So the Law Covenant was
a passageway to life; but because of the weakness of the flesh,
none could walk in it so as to attain the life offered. (`Rom.
3:20`) The cross, the sacrifice, the ransom, is thus specially
marked by this stone "Witness," just as in the Scriptures
it is more prominently marked than any other feature of the plan.
"No man cometh to the Father but by me," said Jesus.
"I declared unto you first of all that which I also received
[first of all], how that Christ died for our sins," said
Paul. (`1 Cor. 15:3`) "The 'Well'
[representative of Christ's sacrifice and resurrection] is the
<PAGE 369> only way to life and immortality,"
says the Great Pyramid.
passage to the "Queen's Chamber" is low, and the traveler
must humbly bow his head to its requirements. The path of right-doing
has always been one of humility and will be so in the Millennium,
when all will be required to bow to the strict regulations
of Christ's Kingdom. He will rule with an iron rod. (`Rev.
2:27`) He will then lay judgment to the line, and righteousness
to the plummet; and to his greatness and power every tongue must
confess, and to his rule and law every knee must bow; so
that in his day the humble and righteous, and they only, shall
flourish. `Isa. 28:17`;
`Rom. 14:11`; `Psa. 92:12,13`
"Queen's Chamber" symbolizes the end of the restitution
work--human perfection--in that it has seven sides, counting
the floor one side, and the roof two sides, as shown in the diagram.
The path to it tells the same story of sevenness, or perfection,
for the floor of it is depressed for one-seventh of its length.
And not only is the number seven a general symbol of perfection
and completeness, but it is specially suggestive in this connection,
since the Millennial age is the seventh thousand years of the
earth's history, and the one in which perfection is to be attained
by the willing and obedient of the race.
Smyth remarks the peculiarity of the floor of this "Queen's
Chamber" and the passageway leading to it, that it is rough
and entirely unfinished, thus differing from the other passages,
which were originally very smooth, probably polished. This, he
suggests, may indicate that its floor is not subject to measurement
by year-inches as are the other passages--as if the Pyramid by
this unevenness would say, "Time-measures are not recorded
though the Pyramid inch-year is not observed in the passage to
the "Queen's Chamber," nor in its floor, another matter
did require to be shown, namely, the way of restitution
to perfect life and perfect human organism. As this perfection
of human nature is illustrated in the "Queen's Chamber,"
so the way to it represents the seven thousand years of experience
and discipline through which the fallen human race must pass before
full restitution to perfection can be gained. Inasmuch as the
first six-sevenths of the passageway to the "Queen's Chamber"
is extremely low, it
<PAGE 370> represents the six thousand years
past, and illustrates the extreme difficulty and humility necessary
to walk a justified life, even on the part of such as sought so
to walk--the patriarchs, prophets and others, justified through
faith-- during this six thousand years of the reign of sin and
death. On the contrary, the last seventh of the way represents
the Millennial age, just dawning upon men. Its height being nearly
twice as great indicates that during the coming thousand years
of grace and peace on earth men can progress with comfort and
ease toward full perfection.
it asked whether any have walked in this way during the past six
thousand years? We answer, Yes; by faith some have walked
in it. It is the way of justification of human nature,
though wholly different from the way and calling of the Gospel
Church, which, though through justification, is to the new, divine
nature. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and the faithful prophets walked
that way--entering by the "Well"--by faith in the
ransom-sacrifice of Christ, which they represented by typical
sacrifices before our Lord's death, and before the stone "Witness"
pointed to it; for in God's purpose and revelation Christ was
the slain Lamb of atonement from before the foundation of the
this way to the "Queen's Chamber" agrees well with the
Bible record concerning the way to perfect human nature and life
during the Millennium. The length of time needed to reach perfection
will differ in individual cases, according to the rapidity or
slowness of the individual to submit his heart and life to the
conditions of the New Covenant. It will no longer be a struggle
upward, continually opposed by downward tendencies within and
without, as it has been during the Law and Gospel dispensations;
but it will be a way in which everything will favor the traveler,
and facilitate his rapid progress toward full perfection of restitution-life,
with all its resultant blessings.
the "King's Chamber," by its ventilating tubes, indicates
that it symbolizes a permanent residence, an everlasting condition,
so the "Queen's Chamber" symbolizes the fact that the
condition of human perfection, when reached, may be made
an everlasting state; for it also has similar ventilating tubes
or air passages provided. In one case we may say it symbolizes
a permanent condition, and in the
<PAGE 371> SITSV3SA.G08
<PAGE 373> other that it may be made
a permanent or everlasting condition, because this is the fact
as indicated both by the Scriptures and by the testimony of the
stone "Witness." The Scriptures say of those who attain
the condition represented by the "King's Chamber," that
they partake of the divine nature, and are immortal, or
proof against death-- that they cannot die thereafter. And they
show that those others who reach the full restitution, and stand
the last test of loyalty, at the end of the Millennial age, though
they will not possess that quality termed Immortality,
which is essentially an element of the divine nature only, will
be supplied with life everlasting under provisions already arranged
by the great Architect of the plan of salvation. If they abide
in harmony with God and in obedience to his will, they will live
Great Pyramid declares these same truths; for while the "King's
Chamber" had open ventilators, the ventilators in the "Queen's
Chamber" were originally peculiarly covered. The air-tubes
were complete from the outside of the Great Pyramid to within
about five inches of the surface of the inner walls of the "Queen's
Chamber," the stones on either side of the "Queen's
Chamber," except the said five inches in thickness, having
been chiseled out, showing design on the part of the Great Pyramid's
Architect, just as every other feature shows it. Mr. Waynman Dixon
made this discovery while examining the walls of the "Queen's
Chamber." He noticed that the wall at a certain spot sounded
hollow, and, breaking through the surface, he found one ventilating
tube; and then by the same process he found its mate in the opposite
wall. Thus the Pyramid, in harmony with the Scriptures, declares
that ample provision has been made, whereby the perfect
human condition, represented by the "Queen's Chamber,"
may be an everlasting condition to each one who conforms
to its regulations and laws.
now, having heard it speak, what shall we think of the stone "Witness"
and its testimony? Such testimony would be peculiar and striking
indeed, even if there were no scriptures found to bear on the
subjects examined; but when the Scriptures had already clearly
and positively declared to us these same circumstances and dates,
<PAGE 374> Pyramid's testimony was heard,
its wonderful agreement with and corroboration of the same become
doubly significant and striking. Now, when the worldly-wise are
repudiating God's Word as "obsolete" and "unscientific,"
to have this stone "Witness" speak, and corroborate
the testimony of the Bible, is truly astounding. To hear its testimony
as to man's fall at the very time that the worldly-wise are claiming
that man never was perfect, never was in God's image, and consequently
never fell from it, is remarkable. To hear its testimony that
none could enter either the Gospel high calling to the
divine nature or the state of human justification and life through
the Law Covenant or passageway, at a time when so many are preaching
that the Law of Moses is the only way to life, is certainly gratifying.
Surely in the Great Pyramid "The invisible things [plans]
of God from the creation of the world are clearly seen; being
understood by the things that are made."
may scoff at the testimony of this stone "Witness,"
as they also scoff at God's written Word; but to their scoffs
we answer: Account for this peculiar fitness of things, or else
venture to prophesy of the future, and see how your prophecies
will result. Prove to us that it requires no inspiration to foretell
future events. Show us a sample of worldly wisdom. "Produce
your cause, saith the Lord; bring forth your strong reasons, saith
the King of Jacob. Let them bring them forth and show us what
will happen; let them show the former things, what they
be, that we may consider them and know the latter end of them;
or declare to us things to come. Show the things that are to come
hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods [mighty ones]."
only does the Great Pyramid confound atheistical scientists, but
it refutes utterly their modern and anti-Scriptural theory of
"Evolution"--on which subject we cannot do better than
quote the following words of Dr. Joseph Seiss, from his excellent
treatise on the Great Pyramid, entitled "A Miracle in Stone."
the primeval man were nothing but a gorilla or troglodyte, how,
in those prehistoric times, could the builders of this mighty
structure have known what our profoundest
<PAGE 375> savants, after a score of
centuries of observation and experiment, have been able to find
out only imperfectly? How could they know how even to make and
handle the tools, machines and expedients, indispensable to the
construction of an edifice so enormous in dimensions, so massive
in its materials, so exalted in its height and so perfect in its
workmanship that to this day it is without a rival on earth? How
could they know the spherity, rotation, diameter, density, latitude,
poles, land distribution and temperature of the earth, or its
astronomical relations? How could they solve the problem of the
squaring of the circle, calculate the proportions or determine
the four cardinal points? How could they frame charts of history
and dispensations, true to fact in every particular, for the space
of four thousand years after their time, and down to the final
consummation? How could they know when the Mosaic economy would
start, how long continue, and in what eventuate? How could they
know when Christianity would be introduced, by what great facts
and features it would be marked, and what would be the characteristics,
career and end of the Church of Christ? How could they know of
the grand precessional cycle, the length of its duration, the
number of days in the true year, the mean distance of the sun
from the earth, and the exact positions of the stars at the time
the Great Pyramid was built? How could they devise a standard
and system of measures and weights, so evenly fitted to each other,
so beneficently conformed to the common wants of man, and so perfectly
harmonized with all the facts of nature? And how could they know
how to put all these things on record in a single piece of masonry,
without one verbal or pictorial inscription, yet proof against
all the ravages and changes of time, and capable of being read
and understood down to the very end?
may sneer, but they cannot laugh down this mighty structure, nor
scoff out of it the angles, proportions, measures, nature references
and sacred correspondencies which its Maker gave it. Here they
are in all their speaking significance, stubborn and invincible
beyond all power to suppress them."
voice of this wonderful "Witness" brings forcibly to
mind the words of our Lord on that notable occasion of his
<PAGE 376> triumphal entry into Jerusalem,
when he typically presented himself to Israel as their king, amidst
the acclamations of the whole multitude of his disciples, who
were loudly praising God for the mighty works that had been done,
saying, "Blessed be the king that cometh in the name of the
Lord! peace in heaven, and glory in the highest." And when
the Pharisees were urging him to rebuke them, he answered, "I
tell you that if these should hold their peace, the stones would
immediately cry out." (`Luke 19:37-40`)
And so it is today: while the King of glory has actually come,
and while the great majority of his professed living witnesses,
who should be loudly rejoicing, and saying, Blessed be the King
that cometh in the name of the Lord, are dumb--some from fear
of being put out of the synagogue, and some from drowsy slothfulness,
or from the intoxication of worldliness which keeps them in ignorance
of the time of our visitation--lo, the very stones of this Great
Pyramid of Testimony are crying out in no uncertain tones. Every
inch of this massive structure is eloquently proclaiming the wisdom
and power and grace of our God.
incased in this solid rocky structure, beyond the power of nature's
storms or of the ruthless hand of the destroyer, the outline drawings
of God's great plan have stood for four thousand years, prepared
to give their testimony at the time appointed, in corroboration
of the similarly revealed, but for ages hidden, testimony of the
sure Word of Prophecy. The testimony of this "Witness to
the Lord in the land of Egypt," like that of the written
Word, points with solemn and unerring precision to the final wreck
of the old order of things in the "Pit" of oblivion,
and to the glorious establishment of the new, under Christ Jesus,
the great Chief Corner-stone of God's eternal building, in conformity
with the lines of whose glorious character all things worthy of
everlasting existence must be built up under him. Amen! Amen!
Thy Kingdom come! Thy will be done on earth as it is done in heaven!