TABERNACLE SHADOWS OF THE BETTER SACRIFICES
SUBSEQUENT TO THE
"DAY OF ATONEMENT"
These Typify Repentances, Vows, Covenants, etc., During the
Millennium--The People's Burnt-Offerings--Their Peace-Offerings--
Their Meat-Offerings--Their Trespass-Offerings--Male and Female
Distinctions to Cease, Shown in the Types.
sacrifices offered by the people (Israel--the world) on
their own individual account, after the Day of Atonement sacrifices,
typified by the general offerings of Israel, belong to the next
age, and will then be presented to the glorified royal priesthood.
Nevertheless, this has a very slight beginning now; thus the worldly
man possessed of wealth is in that sense a steward of God's things,
and may now use that "mammon" and with it make for himself
friends, that when this age of Satan's domination is ended, and
the reign of Christ commences (in which he shall no longer be
a steward), then those whom he thus favored will bless him. If
the worldly stewards of wealth (the mammon or god of this age)
were wise, they would use more of their means thus. For whosoever
shall give even a cup of cold water unto one of the least of these
priests, because he is such, shall by no means lose his reward
when the Kingdom of Christ is organized and its rule begins.
`Luke 16:1-8`; `Matt. 10:42`
sacrifices which do not belong to the class we denominate
<PAGE 94> the "Day of Atonement sacrifices,"
illustrated offerings and sacrifices which belong to the Millennial
in the type, the "Day of Atonement" sacrifices preceded
all others, and were a basis for the general forgiveness
and acceptance with God of all Israel, but were followed by other
sacrifices by individuals after that day, termed "sin- offerings,"
"trespass-offerings," "peace-offerings," etc.,
so will be the antitype. After the sacrifices of this Gospel age
have brought "the people," the world, into a justified
condition, there will still be sins and trespasses committed which
will require confession and reconciliation, making these after-sacrifices
Atonement Day sacrifices represented the cancellation of Adamic
sin by the sacrifice of the Christ; but during the Millennium,
while the benefits of the atonement are being applied to the world,
while they are being gradually restored to actual perfection and
life and harmony with God, errors will be committed for which
they will be in some measure responsible. For such they must make
some amends, accompanied by repentance, before they can be again
in harmony with God through Christ, their Mediator.
will also be in order in the next age, though, owing to the changed
government of the world, consecration will no longer, as now,
mean unto death, but on the contrary, it will be unto life;
for with the close of the reign of evil comes the end of pain,
sorrow and death, except upon evildoers. Consecration must always
be a voluntary presentation of one's powers, and hence this is
represented in some of the sacrifices after the Atonement Day.
the basis for all forgiveness of sins in the next age will
be the "Day of Atonement" sacrifices, it would be appropriate
in the type for the sinner to bring some sacrifice which
<PAGE 95> would indicate a recognition of
the "Day of Atonement" sacrifices, as the ground of
forgiveness anew. And so we find that all offerings of the people
after the "Day of Atonement" were of a kind which pointed
back to or recognized the sacrifices of that day. These offerings
might be of cattle or sheep or fowl (turtle doves or young pigeons)
or of fine flour--the article offered depending upon the ability
of the offerer.
the Millennial age all men will "come to a knowledge
of the truth," and thus to the fullest opportunity of salvation
from the curse (condemnation or sentence) of Adamic death. (`1
Tim. 2:4`) When we remember that this death includes
all the sickness, pain and imperfection to which humanity is now
subject, we see that God's plan includes a full restoration to
human perfection; only those who deliberately refuse or neglect
the opportunities then put within the reach of all will die the
Second Death. But perfection will come gradually, and it will
require the cooperation of the sinner's WILL ever to reach it.
He must do what he can to climb up again to perfection,
and will have all the assistance necessary. This
is shown by these sacrifices in general: they were to be according
to every man's ability. However degraded by sin and imperfect,
each must, when he comes to a knowledge of the truth, present
himself to God, the offering indicating his condition. The dove
or pigeon brought by the poorest in the type represented the justified
all of the morally poor and degraded; the goat offered
by others more able, represented the all of some less degraded;
while the bullock represented the all of those who had
attained perfection of human nature. Just as a bullock
was used to typify the perfect humanity (much fat) of Jesus' sacrifice,
and a goat (wayward and lean) was used to represent the imperfect
human nature of the saints, in the sacrifices of this Atonement
Day, so those animals similarly
<PAGE 96> represented the offerers (Israel--typical
of the believing world in the Millennium) in their consecrations.
But it should be remembered that these burnt-offerings and peace-offerings
of the future represent the people as consecrating-- giving
themselves to the Lord. They do not represent sin-offerings to
secure atonement, as do the sacrifices of the Day of Atonement.
There were indeed trespass-offerings which were in a sense sin-offerings
for individuals; but these, as we shall see presently, were wholly
different from the national sin-offerings of the Atonement Day.
those of the world of mankind, willing to accept God's grace,
shall have been brought to perfection, at the close of the Millennium,
there will be no longer any poor in the sense of inability
to offer a bullock--in the sense of deficiency of mental, moral
or physical ability. All will be perfect men, and their offerings
will be their perfect selves typified by bullocks.
David, speaking of this, says: "Then shalt thou be pleased
with sacrifices of righteousness [of right doing] with burnt-offering
and whole burnt-offering; then shall they offer bullocks
[perfect sacrifices] upon thine altar." (`Psa.
51:19`) Yet that David's language should not be understood
to teach the restoration of the literal, bloody, typical sacrifices,
is evident, for in the same connection he says, "Thou desirest
not sacrifice [either typical or antitypical-- full atonement
for sin having been accomplished by that time "once for all"]...The
sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite
heart, O God, thou wilt not despise." All these sacrifices
must be of the free will and desire of the offerer.
completeness of consecration was shown by the death of the animal--that
is, each member of the race must consecrate his will; but it will
be followed neither by the destruction of the human nature (the
burning of the flesh outside
<PAGE 97> the camp) nor by the taking of the
life into a new nature--into the "Most Holy." Only the
priests enter there, as shown in the Atonement sacrifices. No:
when consecrated, they are accepted as human beings, and will
be perfected as such--their right to life as such having been
purchased by the High Priest, in the members of whose Body all
the overcoming Church is represented. The consecrations represent
an appreciation of the ransom, and the acquiescence of the offerers
to the Law of God as the condition upon which they may continue
to live everlastingly, in harmony and favor with him.
The People's Burnt-Offerings
burnt-offerings of the priests were to be kept up continually
on the altar, and the fire never suffered to die out. "This
is the law of the burnt-offering: it is the burnt-offering because
of the burning upon the altar all night unto the morning, and
the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.... It shall not
be put out, and the priest shall burn wood on it every morning,
and lay the burnt-offering in order upon it. ...The fire shall
ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out."
was represented to the mind of each offerer the fact that the
altar was already sanctified or set apart, and that their offerings
would be acceptable because of God's acceptance of the Atonement
Day sacrifices. To this altar the Israelite brought his free will
offering, as narrated in `Lev. 1`. It
was made in the usual way: the animal, cut in pieces and washed,
was laid, the pieces to the head, on the altar, and wholly burnt,
a sacrifice of sweet savor unto the Lord. This would serve to
typify a thankful prayer to Jehovah--an acknowledgment of his
mercy, wisdom and love, as manifested in the broken Body of the
The People's Peace-Offerings
offering was to be of the herd or flock; and it could be made
either in fulfilment of a vow (covenant), or as a willing "thank-offering."
Part of it was to be brought to Jehovah by the offerer--"His
own hands shall bring the offerings of the Lord made by fire;
the fat with the breast, it shall he bring"; and the Priest
shall burn the fat on the altar, and wave the breast before the
Lord. But the breast shall be the Priest's, also the shoulder.
The offerer must eat the sacrifice. `Lev.
3`, and `7:11-18,30-34`
seems to show that if any man will then come into a condition
of full peace and harmony (as all must do or else be cut off in
the Second Death), he must eat or fulfil a covenant before God
of entire consecration to him. If, after being thus perfected,
he again becomes defiled by wilful sin, he must die (the Second
Death) as shown by the penalty of touching unclean things. (`Lev.
7:19-21`) Compare `Rev. 20:9,13-15`.
this sacrifice there was presented an offering of unleavened cakes
mingled with oil, and anointed wafers, representing the offerer's
faith in Christ's character, which he will copy, and leavened
bread indicating his acknowledgment of his own imperfection at
the time of consecration-- leaven being a type of sin.
The People's Meat-Offerings
of fine flour, unleavened cakes, with oil, etc., were presented
to the Lord through the Priest. They probably represented praises
and worship offered to the Lord by the world, through his Church.
"Unto him be glory in the Church by Christ Jesus throughout
all ages." (`Eph. 3:21`) These
were accepted by the priests. A sample being offered
<PAGE 99> on the altar showed that it was
approved by, acceptable to, Jehovah.
The People's Trespass or Sin-Offerings
a soul [being] commit a trespass and sin through ignorance in
the holy things of the Lord;...if he sin and commit any of these
things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the
Lord, though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear
his iniquity. And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of
the flock," and money according to the priest's estimation
of the trespass, with a fifth more, and this shall be his
offering. And the Priest shall make an atonement for him.
And if any one sin knowingly and damage or defraud his neighbor,
he shall restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth
part more thereto (twenty per cent interest) and give it to the
wronged one. And he shall bring a ram for the trespass-offering
unto the Lord. `Lev. 5:15-19; 6:1-7`
teaches that for every wrong restoration must then be made, with
interest, and accompanied by repentance or an asking of forgiveness
of the Lord, through the Church (Priesthood)--the trespasser's
recognition of his own imperfections, and of the value of the
ransom, being shown by the ram presented.
notice the difference between the treatment of such sin-offerings
and the sin-offerings of the "Day of Atonement." The
latter were offered to God (Justice) in the "Most
Holy," as "the better sacrifices"; the former were
offered to the priests, who, during the Atonement Day,
had purchased the people. The acknowledgment of the people will
be made to their Redeemer. The Priest, indeed, took and offered
to the Lord a portion of the offering, as a "memorial,"
as a recognition that the whole plan of redemption as executed
<PAGE 100> on the Atonement Day (Gospel Age)
was the heavenly Father's, but appropriated to himself the remainder--
by eating it.
whole world, purchased by the precious blood (human life) of Christ,
will present themselves, for forgiveness of trespasses, to the
"Royal Priesthood," whose acceptance of their gifts
or consecrations will signify forgiveness. To this agree
our Lord Jesus' words to his disciples: "He breathed on them
and saith unto them, Receive ye the holy Spirit. Whosesoever sins
ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whosesoever sins ye
retain [to them] they are retained."
this "ministry of reconciliation" belongs in its fullest
sense to the next age, when all the sacrifices of Atonement will
have been completed, yet even now, any member of the "Royal
Priesthood" may say to those who believe and repent, "Thy
sins are forgiven thee"--as did our Head, by faith looking
forward, as he did, to the completion of the sacrifices for sins:
moreover, these priests now know the terms and conditions
upon which forgiveness is promised, and can speak authoritatively
whenever they see the terms complied with.
offerings of the Atonement Day, as we have seen, were always burned
`Heb. 13:11`), but the later trespass-offerings, offered
after the Day of Atonement, were not burned, but eaten (appropriated)
by the priests.
Male and Female Distinctions to Cease
is the law of the sin-offering [trespass-offering]... The priest
that offereth it for sins shall eat it...All the males
among the priests shall eat thereof."
Lord and all the holy angels are Scripturally referred to as males,
while all the saints are together represented
<PAGE 101> as a female, a "virgin,"
espoused to our Lord Jesus as husband. But the human female was
originally a part of the man made in God's image, and is still
(although temporarily separate for the purposes of human propagation)
a part of the man--neither being complete alone. As the perfect
man was named Adam, so, when made twain, "God called their
name Adam"--the headship remaining with the male, who was
thus made the caretaker or preserver of the female as a part of
his own body. (`Eph. 5:23,28`) This
sexual division did not make Adam imperfect: it merely divided
his perfections between two bodies of which he was still the "head."
Scriptures indicate that ultimately, by the close of the "times
of restitution," all (male and female shall be restored
to the perfect condition--the condition represented in Adam before
Eve was separated from him. We do not understand that either males
or females will lose their identity, but that each will
take on the qualities now lacking. If this thought be the correct
one, it would seem to imply that the extreme delicacy of some
females and the extreme coarseness of some males are incident
to the fall, and that restitution to a perfection in which
the elements of the two sexes would be perfectly blended and harmonized
would be the ideal humanity of God's design. Our dear Redeemer,
when he was "the man Christ Jesus," was probably neither
coarse and brawny nor effeminate. In him the mental strength and
a grandeur of manhood blended most delightfully with the
noble purity, tenderness and grace of true womanhood. Was he not
the perfect man who died for our race and redeemed both
sexes? Let us not forget that as a man he had no help-mate:
should he not therefore have been complete in himself to pay the
full corresponding price for Adam (male and female)? Either thus
was Eve represented in the
<PAGE 102> great ransom or by her husband
as her "head"--else mother Eve was not ransomed at all,
a thought which would conflict with other scriptures.
Gospel Church is indeed referred to in the Scriptures as a "Bride";
not, however, as the bride of "the man Christ Jesus,"
but as the Bride of the risen and highly exalted Christ. As new
creatures, begotten of God's spirit to spirit nature, we are betrothed
to the Spirit Jesus, whose name and honor and throne we are to
share. The Church is not the Bride of the sacrificed man Christ
Jesus, but of the glorified Lord Jesus, who at his second advent
claims her as his own. `Rom. 7:4`
with man and woman in the next age so will it be with Christ and
the Church--after the Church is glorified all femininity will
be dropped--"We shall be like him"--members of his Body.
"And this is the name wherewith she shall [then] be
called [her Lord's name], The Righteousness of Jehovah."
(`Jer. 33:16; 23:6`) As the Body
of the great Prophet, Priest and King, the Church will be a part
of the Everlasting Father or Life-giver to the world.
same thought is carried throughout the Scriptures; the males
of the priestly tribe alone did the sacrificing, and as
above, the eating of the trespass-offerings; and they alone
entered the Tabernacle and passed beyond the Veil. Likewise, in
the holy Spirit's arrangement for this Gospel age-- "He gave
indeed [male] apostles, and [male] prophets, and [male] evangelists,
and [male] pastors and teachers, for the qualification of the
saints for the work of service, in order to the building
up of the Anointed one." (`Eph. 4:11,12`,
Diaglott) The word male, as above, should appear
in the English as it does appear in the Greek text, and the Lord's
appointments and those of the apostles correspond to this. "I
suffer not [in the Church] a woman to teach or to usurp
authority over the man," plainly declares the Apostle.
<PAGE 103> (`1 Tim.
2:12`) This is illustrative of the present relationship
of Christ and the Church, which will, we understand, terminate
with the close of this age, when the overcomers will be glorified
and made actually one with the Lord--as "brethren."
however, does not signify that the sisters in the Church do not
equally "present their bodies living sacrifices, holy and
acceptable to God," and perform an important "work
of service" in the Church as members of the "royal
priesthood"; they are equally pleasing to the Lord
as the brethren, for, really, all distinctions of sex and color
and condition are ignored, dropped from divine notice, from the
time we become "new creatures in Christ Jesus" (`2
Cor. 5:17`; `Gal. 3:28`);
but the type, the figure, the lesson, must be continued, and hence
the distinctions so rigidly maintained in the special and more
important parts of the service of the Church of Christ.
the contrary, the Adversary has always sought to control man religiously
through the love and esteem men bear toward women--hence his exaltation
of the Virgin Mary to the rank of a goddess and to worship amongst
Catholics. Hence also, with the ancient Egyptians, Isis was the
goddess, and in the later times of the Apostle Paul, Diana was
goddess of the Ephesians. And does not Satan still seek to deal
with and through woman, as in the Garden of Eden? Are not women
his chief mediums in Spiritism and his chief apostles and prophets
in Theosophy and Christian Science?
has Satan's acceptance of women as his mouthpieces been to their
advantage. On the contrary, women stand on a far higher social
and intellectual plane, and are most appreciated for their true
womanhood, in those lands where the Bible regulations are recognized
and respected; and by those who most carefully follow Scriptural
"Laid on thine altar, O my Lord divine,
Accept this gift today, for Jesus' sake.
I have no jewels to adorn thy shrine,
Nor any world-famed sacrifice to make;
But here I bring, within my trembling hand,
This will of mine--a thing that seemeth small;
And thou alone, O Lord, canst understand
How, when I yield thee this, I yield mine all.
"Hidden therein thy searching gaze canst see
Struggles of passions, visions of delight,
All that I have, or am, or fain would be--
Deep loves, fond hopes and longings infinite.
It hath been wet with tears, and dimmed with sighs,
Clenched in my grasp till beauty hath it none.
Now, from thy footstool, where it vanquished lies,
The prayer ascendeth--'May thy will be done!'
"Take it, O Father, ere my courage fail;
And merge it so in Thine own will that I
May never have a wish to take it back;
When heart and courage fail to thee I'd fly.
So change, so purify, so like thine own,
Make thou my will so graced by love divine
I may not know or feel it as mine own,
But recognize my will as one with thine."
TABERNACLE SHADOWS OF THE BETTER SACRIFICES